Praxis #2 (0624) PLT: 7-12 " Instructional Process"

30 terms by Mr_TechEd

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21 multiple-choice questions, 22.5% of Exam Planning Instruction, Instructional Strategies, Questioning Techniques, Communication Techniques

Critical Thinking

Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When one rationally decides something, he or she evaluates information to see if it makes sense, whether it's coherent, and whether the argument is well founded on evidence.

Creative Thinking

New and original behavior that yields a productive and culturally appropriate result.

Cooperative Learning

Students work together to solve a problem or achieve a goal.

Ex: Think-Pair-Share, Jigsaw

Basic Concepts of Cognitivism

*Schema
*Information Processing
*Mapping

Basic Concepts of Social Learning Theory

*Modeling
*Reciprocal Determinism
*Vicarious Learning

Basic Concepts of Constructivism

*Learning as Experience
*Problem-Based Learning
*Zone of Proximal Development
*Scaffolding
*Inquiry/Discovery Learning

Basic Concepts of Behaviorism

*Conditioning
*Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards
*Reinforcement
*Punishment

Scope

The breadth and depth of content to be covered in a curriculum over a certain period of time, e.g. week, grading period, year, or K-12.

Sequence

The order in which content is delivered to learners over time.

Understand the Components of Thematic Units

*Selecting a Theme
*Designing integrated Learning Activities
*Selecting Resources
*Designing Assessments

Components of Interdisciplinary Units

*Collaborating
*Generating Applicable Topics
*Planning Instruction for each Discipline
*Designing Integrative Assessment

Identify a variety of instructional planning partners

*Special education teachers
*Library media specialists
*Teachers of the gifted and talented
*IEP team members
*Para educators

Cognitive processes associated with learning

Critical Thinking, Creative Thinking, Questioning, Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Problem Solving, Planning, Memory, Recall

Instructional Models

*Direct
*Indirect
*Independent
*Experiential
*Interactive

Instructional Strategies Associated with Direct Instruction

*Explicit Teaching
*Drill and Practice
*Lecture
*Demonstrations
*Guides for Reading, Listening, Viewing

Instructional Strategies Associated with Indirect Instruction

*Problem Solving
*Inquiry
*Case Studies
*Concept Mapping
*Reading for Meaning
*Cloze Procedures

Instructional Strategies Associated with Independent Instruction

*Learning Contracts
*Research Projects
*Learning Centers
*Computer Mediated Instruction
*Distance Learning

Instructional Strategies Associated with Experiential and Virtual Instruction

*Field Trips
*Experiments
*Simulations
*Role Play
*Games
*Observations

Instructional Strategies Associated with Interactive Instruction

*Brainstorming
*Cooperative Learning Groups
*Interviews
*Discussions
*Peer Practice
*Debates

Identify Complex Cognitive Processes

*Concept Learning
*Problem Solving
*Metacognition
*Critical Thinking
*Transfer

Inductive Reasoning

Collecting data to draw a conclusion that may or may not be true.

Deductive Reasoning

Process of drawing a logical inference about something that must be true, given other information that has already been presented as true.

Collaboration

Joint communication and decision making among educational professionals to create an optimal learning environment for students and especially for students with disabilities. A philosophy about how to relate to others—how to learn and work.

Direct Instruction

An overarching method for teaching students that includes carefully planned lessons presented in small, attainable increments with clearly defined goals and objectives. Often includes lecture, demonstration, review of student performance, and student examination.

Cloze Procedures

...

Information Processing

A means used to learn and remember knowledge.

Reciprocal Teaching

A cooperative learning model used to improve reading, in which students play the teacher's role

Vicarious Reinforcement

Phenomenon in which a response increases in frequency when another person is observed being reinforced for that response.

Inquiry Teaching

An investigative process of learning in which students are asked to pose questions, analyze data, and develop conclusions or generalizations.

Discovery Learning

Teaching methods that enable students to discover information by themselves or in groups.

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