military governor of Florida
dominated the previous political era.
where party members choose the party's candidates.
arose from these supporters of jackson.
John C. Calhoun
vice presidential running mate
the practice of giving government jobs to political backers.
an informal group of trusted advisers who sometimes met in the white house kitchen.
spread to the west
belief that the United States is destined
John Jacob Astor
creater of one of the largest fur businesses
fur traders and trappers
2000 miles long which stretched from places such as Independence, Missouri, or Council Bluffs, Iowa, west into Organ Country.
Santa Fe Trail
another important path west. It led from Independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe, New Mexico.
members of Joseph Smith's churh
the lewis and clark expedition began
leader of the lewis and clark expedition
co-leader of the Lewis and clark expedition
Lewis and Clark expedition
a journey to explore the Louisana purchase
an ary officer
Spain closes New Orleans to american shipping
person; first to enter a region
pioneer and founder of society in the Sacramento Valley,California
group of western travelers
Swiss immigrant; started a colony
search for gold
washed gold nuggets using pans
arrived with her family to California as slaves
rich gold deposit that African American found
carpenter; found gold near Sutter's Hill
a man who plows
German immigrant; made money making denim pants for miners
Laura Ingalls Wilder
an American; wrote books based on her pioneer childhood
a pick, a mattock.
violate or transgress
total number of persons in an area
precious yellow metallic element; worth lots of money
making of goods by manual labor or machine
president of Mormon Church in Utah
Lewis and Clark
followed rivers to explore the Louisiana Purchase
application of water to land to help crops
to exceed in value
barrier to obstruct the flow of water
artificial waterway for navigation, irrigation, etc.
insufficient to satisfy the need or demand
a social group of any size
clear, odorless liquid
a 315-mile river from north to south through eastern New York.
river 981 miles long; located in the eastern United States.
second-longest river in the United States; 2,320 miles from Lake Itasca in Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico
weather conditions of a region
longest river in the United States of America
largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America
the system to determine Land Grants
a system that featured geographical points such as rivers, mounds, and mountains
(1845) This war was started because mexico and america couldnt agree on where the border should be
to settle land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy
cowboys-managed the large herds of cattle and sheep
Bear Flag Revolt
(1846) the Americans declare california to be an independent nation
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
(1848) the U.S. and Mexico signed it whch officailly ended the war and forced Mexico to give up much of its northern territory to the U.S.
this agreement stated that the U.S. government had to pay Mexico $10,000,000 and Mexico had to give the U.S. southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico
Battle of San Jacinto
during this battle texans captured Santa Anna and forced him to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence
James K. Polk
1844s democratic presidential candidate
Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
(1808-1890) He was one of the richest men in California, he welcomed the Americans rule of California believing it would lead to self- government for Califorios
the hero of the New independent nation of texas and one of the earlier presidentsof texas, Houston Texas was named after him
Mexican genreral who drove his forces deep into enemy lands
an abandoned mission near San Antinio that became an important battle sight in the Texas revolution
the first president of Texas
"Fifty- Four Forty or Fight"
a slogan that reffered to 54 degrees 40 north latitude the line which americans wanted the northern territory to end