temple set-up that requires several angular changes in direction for stairs (characteristically sumerian)
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; also called twisted perspective.
an ancient Sumerian wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
a cylindrical piece of stone usually about an inch or so in height, decorated with an incised design, so that a raised pattern was left when the seal was rolled over soft clay. In the ancient Near East, documents, storage jars, and other important possessions were signed, sealed, and identified in this way
how something would actually stand in space, a random view of it
sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background
A storytelling format originally used in ancient civilizations using relief on sculpted surfaces. The story is illustrated in narrative bands or friezes, this type of illustrated storytelling is used today in comics.
an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity.
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
Term used to describe art that provides a visual representation of some kind of story, sometimes based on literary work.
A style which was adopted in the Armana Period (i.e. during and just after the reign of Akhenaten in the late Eighteenth Dynasty), and is noticeably different from more conventional Egyptian art styles. It is characterized by a sense of movement and activity in images, with figures having raised heads, many figures overlapping and many scenes busy and crowded. For instance, many depictions of Akhenaten's body give him distinctly feminine qualities, such as large hips, prominent breasts, and a larger stomach and thighs.
the sun (or solar disc) which was the deity of a monotheistic cult under the Pharaoh Akhenaten.
an Egyptian spiritual concept that can be roughly translated as one's soul. The ba was often depicted as a bird with a human head.
the property of being symmetrical about a vertical plane
Book of the Dead
The modern name of an ancient Egyptian funerary text, used from the beginning of the New Kingdom (around 1550 BC) to around 50 BC. A compilation of prayers, chants etc. from which the Egyptian would choose sections to be inscribed on the tomb wall of the deceased.
In ancient Egypt, the container in which the organs of the deceased were placed for later burial with the mummy.
part of an interior wall rising above the adjacent roof with windows admitting light
glazed earthenware decorated with opaque colors
a type of naturalistic painted portraits on wooden boards attached to mummies from the Coptic period.
an ancient form of Egyptian writing, more stylized than pictograms but not based on an alphabet.
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.
an Egyptian concept referring to one's life force
an ancient Egyptian mudbrick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof
a temple dedicated to a dead person and not to a god. Usually only pharaohs had these. Many started their construction during their lifetime.
In ancient Egypt, the linen headdress worn by the pharaoh, with the uraeus cobra of kingship on the front.
regions in pre-dynastic Egypt (nomes) were ruled by nomarchs
Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead. Green skin symbolizes rebirth. Holding crook and flail.
an open colonnaded courtyard, often having a pool and a garden.
any written symbol standing for a sound or syllable or morpheme or word
a graphic character used in picture writing
a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides
the characteristic Egyptian New Kingdom type of temple, entered through a monumental pylon
an Egyptian cobra; one of the emblems of pharaonic kingship. Found on the nemes.
The artist cuts the design into the surface so that the highest projecting parts of the image are no higher than the surface itself.
a type of subterranean tomb of the Mycenaean civilization consisting of a domed chamber entered by a passage through a hillside
stone construction using large, irregular blocks without mortar; also, any large-scale monumental building project that impresses by sheer size (based on Greek myths of giants of legendary strength
a piece of masonry jutting out of a wall to carry any superincumbent weight.
The large reception hall and throne room in a Mycenean palace, fronted by an open, two-columned porch
(Greek mythology) a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man
(Greek mythology) daughter of Helios and mother of Ariadne
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
The space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
in Mycenaean architecture, the triangular opening above the lintel that serves to lighten the weight to be carried by the lintel itself
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face
a type of tomb in Mycenaean architecture with a bee-hive shaped circular plan, also called a bee-hive tomb; a temple with a circular plan
the lowest part of an entablature
Black Figure Painting
In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes.
a molding at the corner between the ceiling and the top of a wall
greek art with primitive features
the oldest and simplest of the Greek orders and the only one that normally has no base
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
columns had an elaborated base and a capital carved into double scrolls that looked like the horns of a ram
an Archaric Greek statue of standing nude male / draped female
the carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a doric frieze
cella, a room with no windows that usually housed the cult statue of the deity
Red Figure Painting
In later Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background, with painted linear details; the reverse of black-figure painting.
a temple with peristyle columns a row of columns all around the building
The uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple, which supports the columns.
was an element of the Doric frieze separating two consecutive metopes and divided into three sections