appeals to the traditions and values of our culture and to the legends and folktales that embody them
(logic) appeals to speech, reason, academic pursuits, anything that separates man from beasts
A nymph that Zeus fell in love with. Achilles mother. Zeus backed off when a prophesy said her son would be mightier than his father. Zeus arranged for her to marry Peleus.
Husband of Thetis, father of Achilles
Goddess of contention. Not invited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. Brings a golden apple that was for the most beautiful woman. Hera, Aphrodite, and Athena fight over it and Zeus solves it.
"for the most beautiful" (on the apple)
Prince of Troy-son of Priam and Hecuba but was adopted. Cowherder on a mountain during Thetis's wedding. Zeus sends the three goddesses to Paris to act as an impartial judge. "The Judgement of Paris". Goddesses bribe Paris. Athena offers him victory in battle, Hera offers dominion over nations, Aphrodite offers love of a beautiful woman (Helen). Paris picks Aphrodite's gift and makes enemies of the other two goddesses.
King of Troy during the Trojan War, father of Paris.
mother of Paris, queen of Troy. Left Paris outside to kill him but instead he was adopted.
Brother of Paris, Trojan version of Achilles married to Andromache. a Trojan prince & the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan war.
Daughter of Priam, asked for gift of prophesy from Apollo and was cursed that no one would believe her prophesies.
Said to be the daughter of Leda and Zeus. Chosen by Aphrodite for Paris' wife, but already married to Menelaus.
Helen's mother. Seduced by Zeus in the form of a swan and laid with her husband the same day. Gives birth to quadruplets, two of which are said to be from Zeus and two of which are said to be from Tyndareus.
Husband to Leda, father to Clytemnestra and Castor
wife of Agamemnon, sister of Helen, daughter of Tyndarius, famed for her suitors
Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces):
brothers of Helen and Clytemnestra. Castor is the offspring of Tyndareus and Pollux is the offspring of Zeus
Brother of Agamemnon, married to Helen, King of Sparta.
powerful king of Mycynae or Argos, married to Clytemnestra, commanded the Greek armed forces in the Trojan War
Ancestor of Agamemnon. Had a close relationship with the Gods and wanted to test the Gods to see if they were really all knowing. He chopped up his son and put him in a stew and served it to the Gods.
Tantalus' son that he fed to gods, Demeter ate his left shoulder, but replaced it with one made of ivory
Pelops' son, sons were Agamemnon & Menelaus married, upon becoming king he exiles his brother and then pretends to reconcile and proposes a feast, of which it turns out Thyestes' two sons are the entrees.
Pelops' son, who obtains the throne by stealing his brother's golden sheepskin and proposing that whoever can provide such a skin be named king, but who must give it to his brother when he agrees that if the sun ran backward then Atreus would be king and Zeus makes such a thing happen. He unwittingly eats his own sons in the feast provided him be Atreus.
Thyestes' son, fought with his brother (Atreus) for the throne "marries" Clytemnestra while Agamemnon is away at Troy, then helps plot and kill him
-King of Ithaca
-father of Telemachus and married to Penelope
-proposed the oath to the suitors of Helen to protect Helen and Menelaus' marriage, but withdrew and found Penelope. When the others come to get him to help fight Troy he first pretends to be insane (by plowing with an ox and a donkey sowing salt) but comes along when they find him out by putting his son in front of the plow, which he stops to save his son.
-took 10 years to return home after Trojan War
-mastermind of the Trojan Horse
the port where the Greeks met to launch their attack on Troy, where Artemis curses Agamemnon.
son of Thetis and Peleus, found on Scyros disguised as a woman, mighty Greek warrior
daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, she was sacrificed to appease Artemis who had stopped the winds at Aulis so the Greeks couldn't launch their attack. Artemis was punishing Agamemnon who killed her golden ram. Iphigenia was told that she was going to Aulis to marry Achilles. Two different versions of the sacrifice, that Iphigenia really was killed, or Artemis whisked her away and replaced her with a doe at the last second.
the rhythmic scheme the Iliad is written in, long syllable then short syllable
epic/extended simile, a detailed comparison in the form of a simile, many lines in length serve to take the reader from the battle for a brief time → into the world of peace & plenty
Gods intervene unnecessarily