Pathology Midterm (Terminology)

Created by SteveSisk87 

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Etiology

Cause of disease

Genetic, congenital, or acquired

Genetic etiology

When an individuals genes are responsible for some structural or functional defect

Down's Syndrome (3 chromosomes instead of 2)
Huntington's Disease
Cystic Fibrosis (lungs and kidneys)

Congenital etiology

When genetic formation is intact but other factors in embryo's intrauterine environment interfere with normal development

Toxoplasmosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, thalidomide

Acquired etiology

When a diseae is caused by factors other than genetic or developmental ones

Bullous emphysema from smoking
Shingles
Brain abscess from pimple popping

Idiopathic

Unknown etiology

DISH

Ankylosing spondylitis

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis

Ossified ALL

Raynaud's syndrome

Spasm of blood vessels of fingers and toes

No blood flow turns skin white, then blue, then red when blood finally gets there

May be a manifestation of systemic sclerosis of immunohemolytic anemia

Sjogren's syndrome

Dryness of the mucous membranes due to damage to exocrine glands

May be a manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus

Osteoarthritis

Don't run but lose weight

Acute

Rapid onset (1-2 days)

Duration of 7-10 days

Chronic

Long onset of weeks

Lasts longer than 6 weeks

Local

Confined to one region/organ

Cancer confined to stomach

Systemic

Involves other organs or systems or entire organism

TB in lungs spreads , cancer in lymph nodes

Focal

Damage is limited to one or more distinct sites within the diseased organ

Scirrhous cancer of stomach pylorus

Diffuse

Damage is distributed throughout an entire organ

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