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Terms for animal and plant cells

2 ways Animals get energy from plants

Eating plants or eating other organisms that have already eaten plants.

3 ingredients that the chloroplast uses to make Glucose.

Energy from the sun, carbon dioxide from air, and water.

4 types of Organelles

Mitochondria, cacuole, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), ribosome

7 Parts of an Animal Cell

Nucleus, Vacuole, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Mitochondria

9 Parts of a Plant Cell

Chloroplasts, Vacuole, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome, Cytoplasm, Cell Membrane, Cell Wall, Mitochondrion, Nucleus

Adjustment Knobs

Allow you to focus the image

All organisms have the same number of chromosomes? True or False?

FALSE

Animals

Give off Carbon Dioxide, Take in Oxygen

Can Animal cells trap energy from the sun to make sugars? True/False

FALSE

Cell Membrane

Holds the contents of a cell together. Gives support and shape to cell.

Cell Membrane

Thin Flexible covering that helps the cell by controlling which substances enter or leave the cell.

Cell Theory

States that the cell is the basic unit of all living organisms and only living cells can produce new living cells

Cell Wall (Plant)

Tough nonliving material that acts like an outside skeleton for a plant cell

Cell Wall (Plant)

Gives the Plant cell support, strength and shape.

Cells

Microscopic building blocks of all living things

Chlorophyll

Green substance in the chloroplasts that traps energy from sunlight.

Chloroplast

Organelle that makes sugars using carbon dioxide, water and energy from sunlight

Chromosome

Stringlike structure in a cell nucleus that carries information controlling all the cells activities

Cilia

Tiny hair like structures. Windpipe cells, vorticella and paramecium have these.

Compound Microscope

A microscope having more than one lens

Compound Microscope

Example of a Light Microscope

Cytoplasm

Clear jellylike material that fills the space between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Made mostly of water.

Difference between Plant and Animal Cell

Plant Cells have only one Vacuole, Plant cells are larger, Plant cells have Chloroplasts.

Electron Microscope

Uses Electrons to make things look up to one million times bigger

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Organelle that transports materials inside the cell.

Eyepiece

Allows you to see the object and also magnifies the image

Glucose

Simple sugar created during Photosynthesis

Green Color of Chlorophyll

Hides the red, orange, yellow and blue colors in the chloroplasts.

Green substance found inside of the chloroplast

Chlorophyll

Hans Janssen

Invented the first compound microscope

Mirror

Reflects light from another source through the image being observed

Mitochondria

Organelles where food and oxygen react to release energy. The powerhouse of cells.

Muscle Cells

Human cells that work together to help you move, push food though digestive system and keep heart beating.

Nerve Cells

Act like transmitters to send messages

Nerve Cells

Long narrow human cells that carry messages from one cell to the next cell.

Nucleus

Part of the cell that controls activities of other cell parts

Objective Lens

Magnifies the image on the slide

Organelle

Tiny structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that performs a special job.

PhotoSynthesis

Act of putting together with light.

PhotoSynthesis

Process in which oxygen is formed and released by the plant into the atmosphere.

Plants

Gives Off Oxygen, Takes in Carbon Dioxide.

Plants

Can Animals or Plants make their own food?

Plastids

Organelles that store plants colors. Chloropasts belong to this group.

Red Blood Cell

Human cells that carries oxygen to your cell and carry waste away from them.

Respiration (Plant)

Process in mitochondria where oxygen is used to release the energy stored in glucose.

Ribosome

Organelle that puts together proteins for the cell.

Skin

Type of Human cells that cover and protect the body from harmful organisms entering it.

Species

A group of organisms that have the same characteristics are are able to product offspring that can reproduce

Stage

Holds a slide containing the object to be viewed

Vacuole

saclike organelle used for storing materials

Vorticella

Single celled organism that are funnel shaped.

White Blood Cell

Human cell that protect you from disease.

All dogs are member of the same ______?

Species

An instrument using two lenses for magnifying objects?

Compound Microscope

According to the ______, all organisms are made of one or more cells

Cell Theory

The control center of a living cell is the _________?

Nucleus

A structure in the nucleus that carries information that controls cell activities is the __________?

Chromosome

A thin flexible protective cell covering is the ______

Cell Membrane

The jellylike material fillng the space between the cell membrane and the nucleus is ________

Cytoplasm

Ribosomes, mitochondria, and vacuoles are examples of _____________?

Organelle

Organelles in the cytoplasm where energy is released are _________?

mitochondria

A saclike organelle where a cell's food an water are stored is _______?

Vacuole

An organelle for transporting materials insde the cell is the _____?

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Part of a cell that puts together proteins for the cell is the _____?

Ribosome

Green substance in plant cells is ____?

Chlorophyll

An organelle that makes sugar is the _____?

Chloroplast

The tough outer support of a plant cell is the __________?

Cell Wall

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