China's first emperor
founder of the Han Dynasty
creators of Legalism
Hanfeizi & Li Si
political philosophy used by Shi Huangdi to unify China
defeated the Zhou Dynasty
connected & built the Great Wall
standardization thru out empire
massive building projects
expanded network of roads & canals
his tomb & terra cotta soldiers
Shi Huangdi's achievements
believed people were naturally bad
items standardized by Shi Huangdi
weights & measures
width of cart axles
Roads, canals, irrigation, and building projects were paid by
heavily taxed peasants who did all the work
causes of the fall of the Qin
Shi Huangdi's death
regaining of land by the nobility
peasant uprising led by Liu Bang
What the main population of China still call themselves today
the people of Han
How did Liu Bang restore stability in China?
softened Legalist policies
redistributed land to the military
weakened rivals thru strong central govt.
expanded the bureaucracy
Who were Liu Bang's advisors?
Who was Liu Bang's successor & ruler
Gotcha! his son succeeded him but his son's mother, Empress Lu actually ruled
considered Han's greatest emperor
How did Wudi strengthen China?
promoted economic growth
built new roads & canals
monopolized salt, iron & alcohol
took land away from large landowners
made Confucianism philosophy of govt.
developed civil service system
How the Han obtained intelligent govt. officials
civil service system
because he expanded the Chinese empire thru war he was known as the _________ __________ .
Pastoral nomads to the north who were fierce warriors and an outside threat to China
How did Wudi & the Han weaken the Xiongnu?
they allied with Xiongnu's enemies
Han expanded the empire of China in
He ended the Han dynasty and his downfall started the Later Han dynasty
Factors of the Han downfall
widening gap between rich & poor
lack of landowners to tax
Yellow Turban Uprising
Period of Disunion