art history

20 terms by hohlwein 

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cave painting

early art showed man's relationship to spiritual ritual, nature and hunting

egyptian art

emphasized the unknowable mystery of the afterlife

greek art

emphasized the perfection of the human form, human activity

roman art

began to portray actual individuals. Includes, sculpture, frescoe, jewlery and crafts. Incredible architectural, engineering feats.

byzantine art

also known as the Eastern Roman Empire, in Constantinople, now Istanbul, the early church developed Eastern Orthodoxy and iconic Christian images proliferated

summerian art

early art from Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) from the mid 6th millennium BC to the early 2nd millennium BC

african art

Varied and complex, discoveries of these, often figurative works, prompted many of the inventions of modern art.

mayan culture

1500 B.C. to 900 A.D. This is the most advanced civilization of the time in the Western Hempishere. Famous for its awe-inspiring temples, pyramids and cities. A complex social and political order.

asian art

refers to a vast array of cultural works east of Mesopotamia

dark ages

period after the fall of Rome. Much of the knowledge gained by earlier civilizations was lost.

Italian Rennaissance

period in which 'classical' understanding of the figure was reborn. An understanding of linear perspective made works of this period highly realistic.

Northern Renaissance

a period of painting that flourished in northern europe after the Italian Renaissance. Paintings were often of individuals in interiors.

Romanticism

work that reflected a passionate approach to the landscape

cubism

in these paintings multiple planes of space are viewed at once

fauvism

paintings that emphasized wild use of saturated color

pointillism

images made out of dots or small elements

minimalism

art which was exceptionally simple, often pure color-field paintings, for example

abstract expressionism

art, made largely in New York after WWII, that emphasized the expression of the individual often with large, 'painterly' brush strokes

impressionism

paintings that sought to capture the feeling of natural light by putting colors next to eachother and letting the viewer's eye 'mix' them.

pop art

art of the 1960's that blurred the edges between advertising art and fine art

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