chapter 18

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65 terms · The French revolution and Napoleon

The French revolution and the beginning of a new United States of America both happened in what year?

1789

What caused the French Revolution?

long range problems and immidiate forces

French society was based on what?

inequality (like feudalism)

France was divided into what?

estates

About how many people made up the first estate?

130,000

What were the clergy (first estate) exempt from?

the taille, France's chief tax.

The second estate was called what?

the nobility, they had leading positions in the state and had their own privileges

How many people did the nobility have?

350,000

What did the nobles want?

to increase their power at the expense of the monarchy

The third estate were the commoners or

98% of the population

How was the 3rd estate divided?

occupation, education and wealth

The Burgeoisie

middle class. 8% of the population

What was the immediate cause of the French revolution?

the near collapse of the government

How many years did the French economy suffer?

for about 50 years

What did the government spend its money on?

wars and court luxuries

What was Queen Antoinette known for?

her extravagance and spending money.

What did the members of the 3rd estate want?

to set up a constitutional government -to abolish the tax exemptions of the clergy and the nobility

What happened when the 3rd estate was locked out of its meeting?

moved to a tennis court and drafted its own constitution. then made an oath and it was called the Tennis Court oath

What was the national assemblies first act?

to destroy all relics of feudalism or aristocratic privileges

The Declaration of the rights of man and the citizen proclaimed what?

the rights for all men to be in office based on talent and a end of tax exemption

Who wrote the rights of women?

olympe de gouges

What did the assembly constitution do?

set up a limited monarchy with a king and a legislative assembly with the pwer to make laws

Who were other European monarchs?

the rulers of Austria and Prussia threatend to help.

What did defeats in economic shortages lead to?

new political demonstrations

sans culottes

ordinary people that made up of working class and the poor who were the elite of their neighborhood

Who did Sans-Culottes seek revenge on?

those who aided the king and resisted the popular will. - thousands of people were arrested and massacred

Jean-Paul Marat

published the radical journal Friend Of The People. He argued that the poor had the right to take from the rich even by violence

National Convention in 1792

first act was to end the monarchy and establish the french republic

Charlotte Croday

stabbed Girondin to death in his bath tub

What were France's domestic problems

a split in national convention, prior commune pressure

Maximilien Robespierre

led the national confention. was a lawyer and was known for his honesty

France was to Catholic to be what?

dechristanized

to save the republic from foren nationathe committee of public saftey did what?

called a universal mobilization in 1793

what happend after Robespirre's death what happend?

the terror ended and the more radical jacobins lost power

what was the constitution of 1795?

established a legislative assembly of two chambers, the council of 500 and the council of electors

Napoleon Bonaparte

doninated european history from 1799-1815.

in 1802 and 1804 what did nopoliean do?

crowned himself king and made himself council for life

what was noploieans most famous acheevement?

codifying french laws

what was the most important part of the new unified codes?

the civil code or napoleonic code

napoleonic code was what

reconised equality before the law and the right to choose a profession religious toleration and the end of serfdon and feudalism.

napoleons cival code undid revolutionary changes such as what

divorsealowing childeren including daughters to inhearit property. but made it harder for women to devorice

Napoliean created a new aristocracy based on what

merit

what did the cival code reconize?

equality of all citizens before the law and open government careers to more people.

George danton

led the sans culottes

Urban mountain group

...

the directory

held executive power in france

coup d'etat

A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group

Royalist

support a king or royal agreement

elector

an especially qualified voter

council of 500

a council that advises the king

golden youth

where all the misguided children go to get help

Vendemiaire

First month of the year starting Sept 22 to Oct 21

Republic of Virtue

a time in French history when Robespierre remained in power

relics of feudalism

a type of gov practiced in the middle ages

Reign ofTerror

a time that was bad during the revolution

Jacobin

a member of a radical soiety or club

Girdondins

political faction in France - with the legistlative assembly

factions

a group or click within a larger group

sans culottes

in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages

Universal male sufferage

all adult males have the right to vote

Gerat Fear

a vast panic that spread quickly through France

Estates general

was the new French parliament

Bourgeoisie

the middle class

taille

france's tax

Bastille

a prison in Paris

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