Music Theory II

76 terms by pmathew 

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Circle of fifths and adult piano method 2 terms

C major

0 sharps or flats

a minor

0 sharps or flats

G major

1 sharp, F#

e minor

1 sharp, F#

D major

2 sharps, F#, C#

b minor

2 sharps, F#, C#

f# minor

3 sharps, F#, C#, G#

A major

3 sharps, F#, C#, G#

E major

4 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#

B major

5 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#

F# major

6 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#

C# major

7 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B#

Cb major

7 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb

Gb major

6 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb

Db major

5 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb

Ab major

4 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db

Eb major

3 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab

Bb major

2 flats, Bb, Eb

F major

1 flat, Bb

c# minor

4 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#

g# minor

5 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#

d# minor

6 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#

a# minor

7 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B#

ab minor

7 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb

eb minor

6 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb

Bb minor

5 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb

f minor

4 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db

c minor

3 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab

g minor

2 flats, Bb, Eb

d minor

1 flat, Bb

Middle C

middle of clef, C1

small c

one octave down from middle c

Great c

two octaves down from middle c

Contra c

3 octaves down from C1

subcontra c

4 octaves down from c1

subsubcontra c

5 octaves down from c1

C2

1 octave up from c1, (C'')

C3

2 octaves up from c1

C4

3 octaves up from c1

C5

4 octaves up from c1

C6

5 octaves up from c1

C7

6 octaves up from c1

How many keys to a scale?

7

How many keys to an octave?

8

Bass Clef

F clef

Treble clef

G clef

interval

distance from one key to another, range between 2 pitches

time signature

how many beats in a measure/ what note gets the beat

accent

play the note louder

8va

one octave higher

8vb

one octave lower

15ma

two octaves higher

loco

play the notes where written

a tempo

return to original tempo

DC al Fine

return to the beginning and play to the fine sign

upbeats

notes that come before first full measure

ritard

slow the tempo

ledger lines

are added to notes written above or below staff

fermata

hold a note longer than its rhythmic value

phrase

a musical clause or sentence

triad

a three-note chord written on three consecutive lines or spaces

Accidentals

sharps, flats, naturals

Dynamics

volume

Tempo

mood of the piece and speed of the pulse

Andante

walking speed

Andantino

slightly faster than walking speed

Allegro

quickly

Swing Eighth Notes

played unevenly

Common time

4/4 time

Half steps

distance from one key to the next, either black or white with no key in between

Whole step

distance from one key to another with one in b/w. 2 half steps

Major Pattern

W-W-H-W-W-W-H

Arpeggios

notes of a broken chord played one after another, up or down a keyboard.

Chord symbols

the letter symbol for a major chord is the same as the root of the chord. It is often written above the treble staff

Minor Pattern

W-H-W-W-H-W-W

DC Al Coda

da capo al coda; return to the beginning and play to the coda sign, then skip to the coda and continue to end

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