Genome Size

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Lecture 15

Flow Cytometry

Counts cells by passing them through a capillary and measure changes in light transmittance; estimates genome size

C-value

Complexity/content of a genome, which considers gene# and genome size

picogram

10^-12 grams, unit of measure of DNA/cell

Megabase

million nucleotide bases

c-value paradox

mutually exclusive discordance between organismal complexity and genome content; discovery of non-coding DNA created 'enigma'

living fossil

organisms that have undergone little or no evolutionary change for millenia; e.g. Coelanth

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