Chapter 5

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Most students in many schools can peruse degrees in jazz.

True

The more sophisticated big band charts were aimed more at listeners than dancers.

True

Bebop was well received amongst jazz musicians.

False

Free jazz is almost pure improvisation.

True

Jazz began in the early 20th century in __________ of poor urban neighborhoods.

A) concert halls
B) churches
C) bars and nightclubs
D) none of the above

C) bars and nightclubs

The cultural influence of jazz was from people of __________ heritage.

A) African, French, and Spanish
B) Mexican, Caribbean, and African
C) Brazilian, French, and African
D) all of the above

A) African, French, and Spanish

A standard rhythm section is:
A) piano, bass, drums
B) trumpet, bass, drums
C) sax, guitar, drums
D) piano, bass, guitar

A) piano, bass, drums

The most popular ragtime musician was:
A) Stephen Foster
B) Louis Armstrong
C) Duke Ellington
D) Scott Joplin

D) Scott Joplin

Who was the most successful and famous New Orleans musician?
A) Duke Ellington
B) King Oliver
C) Louis Armstrong
D) Kid Ory

C) Louis Armstrong

Duke Ellington was a:

A) Dixieland band leader
B) jazz violinist
C) jazz singer
D) big band leader

D) big band leader

Who was the king of swing?

A) Benny Goodman
B) Glenn Miller
C) Duke Ellington
D) Tommy Dorsey

A) Benny Goodman

Bebop was born in:

A) New Orleans
B) big bands
C) after hours jam sessions
D) the 60's

C) after hours jam sessions

__________ was the sax player who solidified the bebop style.

A) Charlie Parker
B) Dizzie Gillespie
C) Thelonius Monk
D) Kenny Clark

A) Charlie Parker

Bebop is often:

A) complex
B) intense
C) very fast
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

__________ jazz came from the 50's and 60's.

A) cool
B) hard bop
C) funky
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

__________ was an attempt to apply sophisticated ideas in a softer manner than bebop.

A) swing
B) cool jazz
C) fusion
D) free jazz

B) cool jazz

Miles Davis, Dave Brubeck, and Stan Getz all played:

A) bebop
B) cool jazz
C) fusion jazz
D) free jazz

B) cool jazz

In fusion jazz the most dramatic change involves borrowing instruments and techniques from:

A) the orchestra
B) disco
C) rock
D) soul

C) rock

Jazz usually involves

A) improvisation
B) boogie woogie
C) bebop
D) jam sessions

A) improvisation

The styles that helped to stimulate the beginnings of jazz were

A) blues
B) gospel
C) ragtime
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

Name the three instrumental groupings in big band jazz.

1) Rhythm Section; piano, bass, and drums 2) Brass Section; trumpets and trombones 3) Sax Section; altos, tenors, and baritone.

Name the five song types that contributed to early jazz.

1) Popular Songs; 2) Blues Songs; 3) Rags; 4) Brass Band Marches & Dances; 5) Gospel Songs.

Name the three forms of swing jazz.

1) Sweet Swing; 2) The Jazz of Benny Goodman; 3) Hot Swing or Big Band Jazz

Name three big band leaders.

Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Glenn Miller, Woody Herman, Tommy Dorsey, Stan Kenton (next generation), and Maynard Furguson (next generation)

Name the Pulitzer Prize winning jazz musician.

Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis

Riffs

short, syncopated melodic patterns

Scat Singing

vocal improvisation using non-sense syllables

Swing

the "feel" of jazz

Improvisation

make it up as you go along

Syncopation

off-beat rhythms

Cornet

similar to a trumpet

Head Arrangements

versions of songs played from memory

Lead

the main melodic or solo part

Breaks

Dixieland stop time

Hit Parade

the equivalent of top 40

Virtuosity

possessing great skill

Chorus

a repeated section of a jazz tune

Sidemen

the other musicians in a jazz combo

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