Early Christian and Byzantine Art

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The 3 Hebrew Youths in the Fiery furnace, Early Christian catacomb fresco, early 3rd Century

3 Hebrews who refused to worship idols were put in fire and saved by faith leads to salvation

Rising of Lazarus, Early Christian catacomb fresco, late 3rd Century

Christ as the Good Shepherd, Early Christian catacomb fresco, early 4th Century

Christ who cares for his sheep risen christ as orpheus

Christ risen as Orpheus, Early Christian Catacomb fresco, 3rd Century

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, Marble, ca. 359

Covered with high-relief sculpture new testament and old testament. Abraham sacrificing Issac quickly a subject of christian art. Notion of reluctance to depict God. Fish symbol of Jesus Christ. Lambs symbol because of Peacocks symbol of eternal life

Good Shepard, Marble sculpture, late 3rd Century

Reconstruction Model of Old St.Peter's begun ca. 320

Erected by Constantine, the first imperial patron of Christianity, this huge church stood over Saint Peter's grave. The buildings plan and elevation derive from those of Roman Basilicas, not pagan temples

Plan and section of Santa Costanza, Rome, ca. 337-351

Centralized Plan, plan of church is a circle/ like the Pantheon
Constantine patron of the church
Particularly used for moslueam
serve as a burial place for him and his family
Circle a symbol of infinity
Funerary purposes

Interior of Santa Costanza, Rome ca. 337-351

Icon of Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George, painting, 6th or early 7th century

Miracle working image mother of God Between 2 Saints and 2 angles frontal* people got freaked about this idolatry b/c praying to image=iconoclastic controversy- belief that worshiping an image is scacreligous conservative people opposed ca. 726-843 many icons were destroyed

Plan of Hagia Sophia

Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of Miletus, Interior of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Constantinople), 532-537

Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Exterior of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Constantinople), 532-537

Mary between Justinian and Constantine, mosaic Hagia Sophia, Istanbul(Constantinople), 535-537

Christ as the Good Shepard, lunette mosic, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, ca 425

Depicting Christ as the good shepard more symbolic than actual narratives, dressed in garbot Roman Emperor Gold and Purple robes holds a cross and has a halo, naturalistic setting landscape surrounded by 6 sheep reminds of sacrifice of cross. sheep grouped in 3 to symbolize trinity/ decorates burial place

Baptism of Christ, dome(cupola) mosaic, Arian Baptistery, Ravenna, ca.520

Apostoles standing around prephery
John the Baptist standing towards left
Anotmical treatement naturalistc he is the river god pagen how during early centuries 6th century still carry over from -dove of holy spirit
relentess push towards naturalism

San Vitale, Ravenna: Exterior, 526-547

Plan of San Vitale

Interior Views of San Vitale, 526-547

Windows filled with albastor filled with mosaics centralized plan
wonderful carvings of capitals whole thing filled with mosiacs
Byzantine

The Mystic Lamb, apse vault mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547

Justinian, Archbishop Maximianus of Ravenna, and attendents, apse mosiac, San vitale, ca. 547

Theodora and Attendants, apse mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547

Christ as Pantokrator, mosaic in central dome, Church of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, ca. 1090-1100

Annunciation mosiac, Church of the Dormition, Daphi, Greece, ca. 1090-1100

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