800-700 BC wrote Iliad and Odyssey
King of Sparta, Married Helen, later attacked Troy with Greek Army, provides Telemachus with best information about Odysseus
Trojan who judged the contest for the Golden Apple and chose Aphrodite. Prize was Helen.
Epic Hero for Odyssey
Epic hero in Iliad
King and Greek General
King who listens to Odysseus' stories and provides ship for him to sail home. This represents the last stop before home.
Bold suitor, leader of the suitors, first to get shot with arrow.
Goddess of beauty, supports Troy,
Odysseus' dog. He trained him before leaving for war.
Goddess of wisdom, intervenes with Zeus, skilled in warfare
minor goddess who loves Odysseus and doesn't want to let him go. She represents the penultimate stop.
Boat eating whirlpool, treacherous, pulls boats under. Represents one of the sea perils
enchantress, turns men into pigs and would damage Odysseus. Later interprets Tiresies's prophecy to help Odyseus.
Goddess of discord. Throws golden apple into Peleus and Thetis wedding celebration.
Name of Odysseus' youngest fighter who falls and breaks neck trying to get off of Circe's roof.
Trusty swineherd and friend of Odysseus and Telemachos
Mutinous sailor who persuades Odysseus' men to eat the Cattle of the Sun God.
Trusty housekeeper of Penelope
Odysseus' mom who died of grief.
Most beautiful woman in the world, married to menelaus, given to Paris as prize, face who launched a thousand ships
The sun god. Owned immortal cattle
Messenger of the gods. Tells Calypso to let Odysseus go. Warns Odysseus about Circe.
Sea nymph that protects Odysseus from drowning.
daughter of Demeter, wife of Hades, lives with him 6 months of the year.
Cyclops son of Poseidon
God of sea, storms, keeps Odysseus from getting home
6 headed monster with rows of serrated teeth. Lives near Charybdis. Part of sea perils
Part bird, part women, songs lure men to their deaths. Part of sea perils
Odysseus' son. Suitors plot to kill. Expresses theme of Bildungsroman
Blind prophet in underworld who gives Odysseus information about how to get home.
Older name for Troy
Older name for Greece
a long, narrative poem that celebrates a hero and cultural values of a people
en medias res
in the middle of things... story told outside of chronological order
Stories told by poets, scops, rhapsodes, and handed down from one generation to the next by being spoken.
food or drink of the gods
Many gods with specific realms of power
spirit is more present in some places than in others.
a heap of rocks over a burial site marking a grave.
the act of calling upon the gods, prayer.
Any of the 9 goddesses that preside over music or poetry
the quality of being wise, cunning and crafty
King of all the gods
People addicted to that mind numbing plant
God of winds whose present almost takes Odysseus home.
Men who live in Odysseus house trying to force Penelope to pick one for marriage
Odysseus's nurse who recognizes his scar.
Princess of Phaeacia, discovers Odysseus when he washes ashore.
The fake name Odysseus gives to fool the cyclops.
Calypso's island where Odysseus stayed for about 7 years.
Alies of the Trojans, great fighters on horseback, battled Odysseus men in first stop.
Monstrous cannibal giants who lived in Telepylus.
Order of the journey
Cicones, Lotos Eaters, Cyclops, Aeolus, Laestrygonians, Circe, Underworld, 3 Sea Perils, Helios' Island, Ogygia, Phaecia
Probable dates of Trojan war
economic and romantic
Belief in one supreme god
term for Homeric code of helping strangers, Greek concept of hospitality, or generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home. It is often translated as "guest-friendship" because the rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host. Paris betrayed this with Menelaus because he took Helen.
the return; homecoming (this is the major theme of this epic), the return; homecoming (this is the major theme of this epic)
Archetypal coming of age story
Goat herd, MEAN, insults Odysseus (as the begger) and kicks Odysseus. Aids the suitors during battle and is tortured for punishment
Sister of Melanthius and maidservant in Odysseus's palace. Like her brother, Melantho abuses the beggar in the palace, not knowing that the man is Odysseus. She is having an affair with Eurymachus.
A suitor who was considered the least intent on getting Penelope, and Telemakhos' first kill.