A ____ group receives the treatment, while a ___ recieves a placebo
experimental group; control group
The 3-chambered, snail-shaped, fluid-filled structure that contains receptors for hearing is the ____.
The 4 main goals of psychology are___, ___, ____, and ____.
describe, explain, predict, and change behavoirs
Although the left and right hemispheres of the brain are specialezed, they are normally in close communication through the ___.
Anna hears her teacher ask a question she knows the answer to, so she raises her hand so she can speak. Which division of the nervous system was responsible for her hand going up?
somatic nervous system
long, tublike structure that conveys impulses away from the neuron's cell body to other neurons, muscles, or glands
B. F. Skinner was _______.
a prominent figure in behavioralism and one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century.
Basic research is typically conducted in universities or research laboratories by researchers interested in ______.
advancing general scientific understanding (knowledge for the sake of knowledge)
The basic units of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves that process, store, and transmit information are the ____.
study of the relative effects of heredity and the environment on behavoir and mental processes
The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what theory of personality?
Beverly had a stroke that has left her with Broca's aphasia even though she can read and write. This suggests her ___ was damaged.
left frontal lobe
unifying theme of modern psychology that incorporates biological, psychological, and social processes
explaining the reasonsfor conducting the research and clearing up and misconceptions or concerns on the part of the participant
branching neuron structures that receive neural impulses from other neurons and convey impulses toward the cell body
affects emotional arousal, memory storage and metabolism of glucose necessary for energy release
believing that one's own ethnic group is "correct" and judging others according to this standard
focuses on natural selection, adaptation, and evolution of behavior and mental processes
studies how evolutionary processes, like natural selection and genetic mutations, affect behavoir and mental processes
provide structural, nutritional, and other support of neurons, as well as communication within the nervous system
emphasizes free will, self-actualization, and human nature as naturally positive and growth-seeking
small brain structure beneath the thalamus that helps govern drives (hunger, thirst, sex, and agression) and hormones
likening the mind to a computer that sequentially takes in information, processes it, and then produces a response
Interconnected group of forebrain structures involved with emotions, drives, and memory
reading what has been published in major professional, scientific journals on the subject of interest
layer of fatty insulation wrapped around the axon of some neurons, which increases the rate at which nerve impulses travel along the axon
Neuroscience/ Biopsychology Perspective
emphasizes genetics and other biological processes in the brain and other parts of the nervous system
affects learning, memory, dreaming, emotion, waking from sleep, eating, alertness, wakefullness, and reactions to stress
Occurs when experimental conditions influence the participant's behavoir or mental processes
Peripheral Nervous System
all nerves and neurons connecting the central nervous system to the rest of the body
The primary goal of psychodynamic psychologists is to ____.
interpret complex meanings hypothesized to underlie people's actions.
focuses on unconscious processes and unresolved past conflicts
restricted use of deception
not telling participants the goal of the study at the beginning of an experiment
Rogers and Abraham state that all individuals naturally strive to grow, develop, and move toward _____.
affects mood, sleep, appetite, sensory perception, arousal, temperature regulation, pain suppression, and impulsivity
emphasizes social interaction and cultural determinants of behavior and mental processes
A state of self-fulfillment in which we realize our highest potential, acording to Abraham Maslow, is called ____.
The tendency for the environment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input is called ___.
The tendency of the brain to ignore environmental factors that remain constant is called ____.
forebrain structure at the top of the brainstem that relays sensory messages to the cerebral cortex
The two central figures in the development of humanism are _____ and _____.
Carl Rogers; Abraham Maslow
A visual acuity problem that occurs when the cornea and lens focus an image in front of the retina is called _____.
participants should be told they are free to decline to participate or to withdraw from the research at any time
Watson adopted ______ concept of conditioning to explain how behavior results from obervable stimuli and observable responses.
What does functionalism focus on?
How the mind functions to adapt human and nonhuman animals to their environment