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6th Grade History Chapter 9

Dark Continent

What is the nickname for Africa?

No

Did people know about Africa and its people?

Dry & Wet

Tell about the African climate?

equator

What divides the continent in half?

north & south

Africa is the only continent to have deserts both ____ & ____ of the equator?

Sahara

What's the largest desert in the world?

northern

What half of Africa almost completely covers the desert?

European

The desert kept Africa isolated from _____ countries for centuries?

Lake Victoria

What's the source of the Nile river?

Somalia

What's by the horn of Africa?

Nile River

What's the worlds longest River in the world?

Lake Chad

What lake supplies water for 4 different African countries?

Nasser & Volta

Name two lakes that are used for electricity:

earthquakes & volcanic activity

How were many mountains formed?

tropical

The African land has the largest ____ area of any continent:

Savanna

What is between the Sahara & Kalahari Desert in an area of little rain?

antelope, giraffes, zebras, elephants, leopards, and lions

Name some animals that live on the Savanna:

tall grasses & widely spaced trees

What does a savanna have on the land, which is good for planting crops?

a written language

What did most of the people of Africa not have?

Bantu

What African people, left their homes on the Benue River and traveled to Central & Eastern Africa?

migrating

What does it mean to move to another region?

linguists

Who are the people that study different languages and the way they change?

botanists

Who are people who study plants? (They trace the movements of people by their crops.)

200 years

How many years did it take the Bantu to cover half of the continent of Africa?

archaeologists

Who found caves with paintings on the walls?

they used weapons for fighting & hunting

What did the paintings tell archaeologists?

symbols

What did the paintings have, but no one knows what they mean?

Oral History

What are stories that are spoken and not written?

Official Rememberer

What did every village have and they learned the village history and taught the children about the past?

Tuareg

Who were the greatest of the nomadic people?

camel

What did the Tuareg's use to make people fear them?

1. Tuareg could move across the Sahara desert
2. They used camel hide to make tents
3. From camel milk they made butter & cheese

What were camels used for?

Nilotic

Who were the nomadic people who originally lived in the Sudan, but migrated to Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Uganda?

Masai

Who were the people that were tall, slender, and measured their social importance by the number of cattle they had?

Bantu

Who migrated from the Benue River & much of the rest of Africa was settled by them? (At 1st they settled in the Congo Basin, but then they moved all the way to the tip of Africa.)

Pygmies

Who are very small people that lived deep in the rain forest of the Congo Basin?

Bushmen & Hottentots

Name 2 other groups that lived in the rain forest of the Congo Basin?

Click Language

What unusual language was spoken by the Bushmen?

Europeans & Dutch

Name 2 other groups that came to Africa & decided to move there?

empire of Aksum

The modern nation of Ethiopia was known as the ____?

wealthy & powerful

The empire of Aksum was what kind of kingdom?

stones, incense, gold, ivory, myrrh & elephants

What are the many goods that the empire of Aksum supplied to the Egyptian pharaohs?

Greek

What language did the people of Aksum speak?

King Ezana

What ruler make the empire of Aksum the strongest country in east Africa? (He became a Christian)

Muslim army

What army invaded Aksum & the kingdom disappeared?

empire of Ghana

Who did the African kings govern?

gold merchants

What kind of merchants lived in the empire of Ghana?

gold mines

What did they find on the land adjoining the kingdom of Ghana?

1. the merchants would place the goods on the boundary line & leave
2. Sudan people would leave "Gold" by the goods
3. If the merchants accepted the price, they would take the gold.
4. If the merchants did NOT accept the price, they would go away & wait for the Sudans to add more gold until the price was acceptable

What did the Ghana merchants do to sell their goods?

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