sherman anti-trust act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
actions benefitting society
several firms engaged in the same kind of business were joined together
the doctrine that states that government generally should not intervene in the marketplace
john d. rockefeller
Revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. Was an American industrialist and philanthropist.
By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877)
negotiation between an employer and trade union
The periodic rises and falls that occur in all economies over time
(law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
led the AFL (American Federation of Labor), a skilled craft union, fought for wages and working conditions, they went on strike, boycotted and used collective bargaining
most notorious political machine; NY city; Marcy Tweed also know as Boss Tweed became head in 1863
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed.
someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor
It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
roosevelt felt strongly about the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources which is called
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone.
william H. seward
He was secretary of state under Johnson and Lincoln. He helped purchase Alaska as well as creating a secret police force.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Russia and japan both wanted korea. the US stepped in and helped japan lower its offerings to agree to a peaceful treaty, 1904-1905
big stick diplomacy
Roosevelt's foreign policy calling for active, aggressive US action to keep international order and peace.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force.
sphere of influence
an area where a european nation controlled economic development
black intellectual who challenged Booker T. Washington's ideas on combating Jim Crow; he called for the black community to demand immediate equality and was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Booker t. washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."
muller v. oregon
Supreme Court Case which protected women workers from the harmcul effects of factory labor
A form of insurance paid by the employer providing cash benefits to workers injured or disabled in the course of employment.
laboratory of democracy
Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
allowed all citizens to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it
established the direct election of senators
womens christian temperence union
The first Texas group to publicly endorse women suffrage
the idea that churches should address social issues, predicting that socialism would be the logical outcome of Christianity
an economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
treaty of versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded rediculous reparations from the Germans
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
the Germans torpedoed and sunk this passenger ship off the coast of Ireland drawing the United States into WWI
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
wilson's plan for world peace following world war I
women of WW1
replaced their husbands positions because they had gone off to war
Gave women the right to vote
wilsons warning to the world
1923 before wilson died he gave a speech saying - "i can predict with absolute certainty that within another generation there will be another world war if the nations of the world do not concert the method by which to prevent it"
league of nations
International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s.
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
selective service act
law requiring men to register for military service
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US