Chapter 4

56 terms by peto106349 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Computer Hardware

Which of the following is true of off-the-shelf software?
A. It is developed with the intent to sell multiple copies
B. The company buying the software has no control over the specifications, schedule, or evolution of the software
C. The company that develops the software is not the intended audience
D. All of the choices are correct.

D

Software is considered the _______________ part of the computer, whereas the hardware is considered the _______________ part.
A. expensive, inexpensive
B. inexpensive, expensive
C. variable, invariable
D. invariable, variable

C

The two general classifications of software are:
A. Systems and application
B. Programming and CASE
C. Commercial and custom
D. Programming languages and development tool

A

Application software can be subdivided into two categories:
A. COTS and POTS
B. First generation and second generation
C. Custom and commercial
D. General purpose and function specific

D

COTS software stands for:
A. Custom off-the-shelf software
B. Commercial off-the-shelf software
C. Combined off-the-shelf software
D. Contaminated on-the-surface software

B

According to the Real World Case, GE spends $150 million each year to purchase all of its desktop and laptop computers from how many vendors?
A. Two B. One
C. Ten D. Nobody is certain

B

According to the Real World Case, GE spends $150 million each year to purchase all of its desktop and laptop computers from which vendor?
A. Dell B. Hewlett-Packard
C. Gateway D. None of the above

A

According to the Real World Case, GE's Global Supplier Library lacked which of the following?
A. A central repository
B. Multi-language capabilities
C. Self-management of data
D. All the above

D

According to the Real World Case, which of the following is a problem with SaaS?
A. SaaS is open-source software.
B. GE owns the software and is responsible for making it work daily.
C. GE does not own the software, it's on lease. If the vendor goes bankrupt, everything shuts down.
D. SaaS refuses to license its software to GE.

C

Which of the following are considered application software packages?
A. Word processing programs
B. Operating systems
C. System utilities
D. System development programs

A

Which of the following are considered general purpose application software packages?
A. Education and entertainment
B. Electronic mail
C. System utilities
D. Programming languages

B

Which of the following are considered application specific software packages?
A. Education and entertainment
B. Electronic mail
C. System utilities
D. Programming languages

A

Which of the following is not considered a system management software packages?
A. Database management B. CASE tools
C. System utilities D. Application servers

B

According to the text, which of the following describes system software?
A. Used for developing new systems as required for business purposes
B. Performs information processing tasks for end users
C. Allows anyone to contribute to the development of a specific application
D. Manages and supports operations of computer systems and networks

D

According to the text, function-specific application software does which of the following?
A. It supports specific applications of end users in business and other fields
B. Provides CASE tools for developing new applications
C. Allows anyone to contribute to the development of a specific application
D. Manages and supports operations of computer systems and networks

A

One of the biggest advantages offered by software suites is that:
A. All the programs within the suite use a similar graphical user interface (GUI)
B. The packages take up a lot of disk space
C. There is a custom graphical user interface for each application in the suite
D. They cost more than the total cost of buying the individual packages separately

A

Which of the following statements is not a characteristic of software suites?
A. They contain software tools that can help increase productivity, collaborate with colleagues, and access intranets, extranets, and the Internet
B. All components of the software use a similar graphical user interface
C. There is a custom graphical user interface for each application in the suite
D. They cost less than the total cost of buying the individual packages separately

C

Which of the following software suites is an open-source product?
A. Microsoft Office B. Lotus Smartsuite
C. WordPerfect Office D. StarOffice

D

One disadvantage of software suites is that:
A. Users may be paying for features that they never use
B. The packages take up a lot of disk space
C. Upgrade costs are often expensive
D. All of the choices are correct.

D

Which of the following, according to the text, are the basic components found in a comprehensive software suite?
A. Word processing, spreadsheet, and accounting
B. Word processing, spreadsheet, and email
C. Word processing, spreadsheet, database manager, and presentation graphics
D. Word processing, database manager, presentation graphics, and email

C

According to the text, the most important software component for many computer users today is the once simple and limited, but now powerful and feature rich, _______________.
A. word processing application
B. presentation graphics package
C. web browser
D. database management system

C

According to the text, Web browsers are sometimes called the _______________.
A. HTML client
B. communication tool of the future
C. universal client
D. online collaboration client

C

According to the text, which of the following is true of integrated packages?
A. They have more features than software suites
B. They are more powerful than software suites
C. They are cheaper than software suites
D. They require more disk space than software suites

C

According to the text, which of the following is not true of integrated packages?
A. They require less disk space than software suites
B. They have fewer features than software suites
C. They are more powerful than software suites
D. They are cheaper than software suites

C

According to the text, experts predict the Web browser will be the model for:
A. Internet development tools for the future
B. How most people use networked computers in the future
C. New graphical user interfaces in the future
D. Cloud computing

B

According to the text, e-mail:
A. Is a fad that will soon disappear
B. Will be replaced by instant messaging
C. Works best in cloud computing
D. Has changed the way people work and communicate

D

All of these statements regarding web logs or blogs are false except:
A. Blogs are websites of commercial origin
B. Each blog is a developing commentary on a particular theme that uses a dated log format
C. Blogs are declining in popularity because they are difficult to update
D. The information on a blog can only be written by the site owner

B

All of the following are considered characteristics of a word processing package except:
A. Spell checker and thesaurus
B. Grammar and punctuation correction
C. Instant messaging
D. Web page design capability

C

All of the following are considered characteristics of a desktop publishing package except:
A. Used to print newsletters and brochures
B. Imports text and graphic files from other programs
C. Used for business analysis and modeling D. Used to print books and manuals

C

According to the text, spreadsheet packages are used by virtually every business for _______________.
A. analysis, planning, and modeling
B. maintaining accounting records, such as a general ledger
C. keeping up-to-the-minute inventory records
D. tracking human resources

A

When using a spreadsheet package to answer "what if" questions, the user must change:
A. Only a selected variable to see the impact of that change
B. A number of variables to make a single change to the spreadsheet output
C. All the formulas in order to calculate new values
D. Nothing - spreadsheets cannot be used to answer "what if" questions

A

Which one of the following would typically not be accomplished with presentation graphics software?
A. Converting numerical data into graphics and displays
B. Incorporating multimedia files into presentations
C. Preparing a computerized slideshow to accompany an oral presentation
D. Preparing a text report for management

D

Presentation graphics have become more powerful in recent years and can now:
A. Calculate formulas for business planning
B. Enable collaboration within teams
C. Organize appointments and calendars
D. Prepare graphics and presentations for transfer to Web sites in HTML forma

D

Groupware aids collaboration by providing users with _______________.
A. electronic mail, scheduling, and task management
B. electronic mail and spreadsheet software
C. electronic mail and word processing software
D. All of the choices are correct.

A

Groupware is best described as a(n) _______________ program.
A. general purpose application
B. application specific
C. system management
D. system development

A

Cloud computing is best described as:
A. Grid computing
B. A style of computing where applications are provided by unknown sources "hidden in the clouds"
C. A style of computing where resources are provided as a service over the Internet
D. A style of computing where a network is not connected to the Internet

C

Cloud computing is not:
A. Grid computing
B. A style of computing users need not have knowledge, expertise, or control over the technological infrastructure
C. A style of computing where resources are provided as a service over the Internet
D. A metaphor for the Internet

A

When a company purchases software, it has:
A. Purchased the rights of ownership
B. Purchased a license to use the software under the terms of the agreement
C. A difficult time obtaining a license because of legality issues
D. None of the choices are correct.

B

System management programs:
A. Manage the hardware, software, networking, and data resources of computer systems during the execution of information processing jobs
B. Manage e-mail and CASE tools for both end users and developers
C. Help users develop information system programs and procedures
D. All of the choices are correct.

A

Which of the following is a basic function that an operating system performs in the operation of a computer system?
A. User interface and support services
B. Resource and task management
C. File management and utilities
D. It performs all of the functions above.

D

The user interface function of an operating system typically:
A. Allows end users to communicate with it so they can load programs, access files, and accomplish other tasks
B. Manages the hardware resources of a computer system
C. Controls the creation, deletion, and access of files of data and programs
D. Manages the accomplishment of the computing tasks of end users

A

Which of the following is the most popular type of user interface?
A. Graphical B. Command-driven
C. Menu-driven D. Voice

A

Which statement best describes open source software?
A. The primary enhancements are made by teenagers
B. It is a very insecure operating system because of its huge security holes
C. It is more reliable than traditional software because it is subject to more rigorous code review
D. It is more costly than propriety software

C

Open-source licensing is defined by all of the following except:
A. The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons
B. The license must not contaminate other software by placing restrictions on any software distributed along with the licensed software
C. The license must allow modifications and derived works, and must allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original software
D. The license must be specific to a product

D

According to the text, Linux' popularity is due to all the following except:
A. Performance and price
B. Flexibility and reliability
C. It is Open Source software
D. All of the choices are correct.

D

Machine languages are _______________.
A. first-generation programming languages
B. written using binary codes
C. difficult languages in which to program compared to more recent languages
D. All of the choices are correct.

D

The text outlines four levels of languages that allow a programmer to develop the sets of instructions that constitute a computer program. Which of the following is not one of those languages?
A. Machine languages
B. Graphical languages
C. Assembler languages
D. High-level languages

B

Which of the following characteristics does a high-level language possess?
A. They are also known as machine or assembler languages
B. They are designed to be utilized by specific types of computers
C. High-level instructions resemble mathematical expressions
D. They are more efficient than assembler language programs

C

Which of the following is not considered a high-level language?
A. BASIC B. COBOL
C. FORTRAN D. Ruby on Rails

D

Fifth generation languages, which are designed to be as much as possible like spoken languages, are referred to as _______________ languages.
A. natural B. macro
C. generator D. syntax

A

Object-oriented programming languages:
A. Are a type of assembler language
B. Separate data elements from the procedures that will be performed on them
C. Use programming statements that tell objects to perform actions on themselves
D. Are useful for numerical processing, but not for graphics-oriented applications

C

_______________ is a major benefit of object-oriented programming.
A. Reusability of objects
B. Conformity of objects
C. A simplified programmer interface
D. Faster compilation time

A

All of the following are popular programming languages for developing multimedia web pages, websites, and web-based applications except:
A. XML B. HTML
C. Java D. COBOL

D

The acronym HTML stands for:
A. High Transfer Machine Language
B. High Transmission Markup Language
C. Hypertext Markup Language
D. Hypermedia Markup Language

C

Which of the following statements is applicable to the Java programming language?
A. It is a page description language that creates hypertext or hypermedia documents
B. It inserts control codes within a document that create links to other parts of the document or to other documents anywhere on the World Wide Web
C. It embeds control codes in the ASCII text of a document, which designates titles, headings, graphics, and multimedia components, as well as hyperlinks within the document
D. It consists of small application programs called applets that can be executed by any computer and any operating system anywhere in a network

D

Linux, the most talked-about open-source product today, is a totally reengineered version of the _______________ operating system.
A. Unix B. BASIC
C. COBOL D. Windows

A

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set