Uprep AP gov Chapter 13

25 terms by jedgraves 

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Ballot Measure

An election option such as the initiative or referendum that enables voters to enact public policy.

Closed Primary

A primary election in which only a party's registered voters are eligible to vote.

Closed Modified Primary

A primary election in which a party may allow members of another political affiliation to participate in their election.

Conventional Political Participation

Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted , often moderate forms of persuasion.

Crossover Voting

Participation in the primary of a party with which the voter is not affiliated.

Elector

Member of the Electoral College chosen by methods determined in each state.

Electoral College

Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president.

Front-Loading

The tendency of states to choose an early date on the primary calendar.

General Election

Election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices.

Gerrymandering

The legislative process through which the majority party in each statehouse tries to assure that the maximum number of representatives from its political party can be elected to congress through the redrawing of legislative districts.

Incumbency

The holding of an office.

Mandate

A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out their platforms.

Midterm Election

An election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term.

Open Primary

A primary in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to vote.

Reapportionment

The reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census.

Recall

An election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office by popular vote.

Redistricting

Redrawing congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states as well as population shifts within a state.

Referendum

An election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation to the state's voters for approval.

Regional Primary

A proposed system in which the country would be divided into five or six geographic areas and alll states in each region would hold their presidential primary elections on the same day.

Runoff Primary

A second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary.

Superdelegate

Delegate slot to the Democratic party's national convention that is reserved for an elected party official.

Ticket-Splitting

Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.

Turnout

The portion of the voting-age public that votes.

Unconventional Political Participation

Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing.

Initiative

An election that allows citizens to propose legislation and submit it to the state electorate for popular vote.

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