Civil Rights Vocabulary for Final Exam

20 terms by MmeKaiser Teacher

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slaves

are people who are owned by other people and forced to work for no pay

plantation

a large farm

Underground Railroad

a secret trail, a network of people and places, that abolitionists made and used to help slaves escape to freedom

resistance

not cooperating with something you believe to be wrong or unfair

abolitionists

people who believed that slavery should be ended

discrimination

actions taken that treat people unfairly and unequally because of their color, religion, gender, physical disability, or sexual preference

prejudice

judging something or someone before you have enough information, especially judging a person based on race, religion, gender, physical disability, or sexual preference

segregation

a practice that separated blacks and whites

Jim Crow laws

that did not allow African Americans to enjoy the same privileges and services as white Americans

boycott

a nonviolent way of refusing to buy goods or services

civil rights

equal protection under the law

Rosa Parks

the woman arrested in 1955 for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and whose action led to the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott.

boycott

refusal by people to buy or to use a product

Martin Luther King, Jr.

an important leader in the Civil Rights Movement

civil rights

fair and equal treatment of all under the law

Malcolm X

another important leader in the Civil Rights Movement

nonviolent action

the peaceful method of resistance adopted for the Civil Rights Movement by Martin Luther King Jr., and based on the teachings of Mohandas Gandhi of India

heritage

traditions passed on to future generations

justice

the quality of being fair

injustice

the quality of being unfair

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