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albeit:

even though

albumin:

a necessary protein substance produced in the liver; levels are reduce in malnutrition and in liver and kidney diseases

Arava:

trade name for medicine used to treat rheumatoid arthritis

arthritis:

inflammation of the joints

azathioprine:

generic drug used in treating rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases

Azulfidine:

trade name for sulfasalazine, an antibacterial agent

chlorambucil:

generic name of drug used in chemotherapy

compression fracture:

any break or rupture of bone due to compression, e.g., the bones of the spine

conjunctival injection:

increased blood flow to the conjunctiviate, making it appear swollen

corticosteroids:

a group of steroids (or lipids) used clinically in immune suppression or in hormonal replacement

cyclophosphamide:

generic drug used in chemotherapy

debilitating:

causing weakness of a lack of strength

dehydration:

condition resulting from either excessive loss of or inadequate intake of water

dermatology:

the study of the skin

diffuse:

widely distributed, not concentrated

distally:

in a remote direction; opposite of proximally or near

dysphagia:

difficulty swallowing

ecchymosis:

a purplish patch on the skin caused by blood passing from a vessel into the tissues

enteritis:

inflammation of the intestine, particularly the small intestine

erosion:

destruction of the surface of the skin, as by friction or pressure

erythema:

redness of the skin produced by abnormal accumulation of blood

erythema multiforme:

a symptom complex including multiple skin discolorations and raised lesions; may be caused by allergic reaction or virus

estradiol:

estrogen produced by the ovaries; used as hormone replacement therapy and marketed under multiple trade names

exophthalmos:

abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

exudate:

any fluid that has escaped from blood vessels and deposited in tissues, usually due to an injury or inflammation

fissuring:

splitting of the skin; can include painful ulcerations

flare:

to intensify suddenly

folic acid:

a B-complex vitamin necessary for normal production of red blood cells; used to treat certain types of anemia

gingiva:

the pale pink tissues of the oral mucosa, otherwise known as the gums

HCTZ:

abbreviation for hydrochlorothiazide, a generic name for a diuretic medication used to treat edema and hypertension

hydroxychloroquine:

generic name of drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis

hyperpigmentation:

abnormally increased coloration

hyporeflexia:

decreased reflexes

IV hydration:

receiving fluids intravenously

kyphosis:

abnormally increase curvature of the thoracic spine; humpback

leucovorin:

generic name of drug used to treat both anemia and malignances

Lidex gel:

trade name for topically applied gel, which has anti-inflammatory properties

liver enzymes:

those protein molecules that induce necessary chemical reactions in the liver; a group of laboratory tests done on blood or serum that gives the values of these proteins

macular:

pertaining to a macule, which is a nonelevated, discolored spot on the skin

methotrexate:

generic name for chemotherapy drug; used also in treatment of the immune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis

Mobic:

trade name for anti-inflammatory drug used to treat arthritis

nephrocalcinosis:

diffusely scattered calcifications in the kidneys leading to renal insufficiency

NSAID:

abbreviation for nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug; often dictated "n-sed"

osteoporosis:

reduction in quantity of bone; decreased bone mass leading to pathologic fractures

palate:

roof of the mouth

penicillamine:

generic name for drug, a product of penicillin, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis

perimalleolar:

around the bony protuberances on each side of the ankle

pitting edema:

indentations when a finger is pressed on the skin; occurs when excessive fluid is in the tissues

posterior pharynx:

the back of the throat

prednisone:

generic name for a type of steroid used as an anti-inflammatory agent

quiescent:

at rest; inactive

regimen:

a strictly regulated plan of therapy, diet, exercise, or other activity designed to achieve a certain goal

rheumatoid arthritis:

chronic systemic, painful joint disease that can result in deformities

serum cholesterol:

the level of cholesterol found in the serum; high levels of cholesterol can clog arteries and can form gallstones

stasis edema:

stagnation of the flow of blood or fluids resulting in swelling

Stevens-Johnson syndrome:

a severe, sometimes fatal multisystemic form of erythema multiforme

stomatitis:

inflammation of the oral mucosa, the mucous membranes of the mouth

t.i.d.:

ter in die (three times a day)

topically:

applied to the skin

total protein:

a laboratory test to determine the level of all proteins in the serum

vertebral body:

main portion of each of the bones of the spine; bears about 80% of the load while standing and provides an attachment for the disks between the vertebrae

volume depletion:

dehydrated state

Westergren sedimentation rate:

standard laboratory test to determine the rate of settling of red blood cells in anticoagulated blood; procedure designed by Alf Westergren

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