← ANTH Key Terms Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
- a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid reproductive cell to form a zygote
- b a word serving as the basis for inflected or derived forms
- c Similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry.
- d The most abundant type of RNA, which together with proteins froms the structure of ribosomes. Ribosomes coordinate the sequential coupling of tRNA molecules to mRNA codons; also called ribosomal RNA.
- e evolution resulting from small specific genetic changes that can lead to a new subspecies
- evolution on the smallest scale—a generation-to-generation change in the frequencies of alleles within a population
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The formation of a new species as a result of an ancestral population's becoming isolated by a geographic barrier.
- (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
- (genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual
- the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins
- a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
- , Deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring.
5 True/False Questions
Mendel's Method → Principal of independent assortment
- applies to 2 or more traits, genes on different chromosomes assort independently at meiosis
John Ray → messenger RNA; type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome
Linguistic Anthropology → - language and perception
- relationships between living languages
- origins of language
Heterozygote → diploid cell formed when the nucleus of a haploid sperm cell fuses with the nucleus of a haploid egg cell,
- the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo
Principles of Geology → Written by Charles Lyell, argued that geological processes observed in the present are the same as those that occured in the past