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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Phyletic Gradualism
  2. Georges Cuvier
  3. John Ray
  4. Genetic Drift
  5. Theory
  1. a The gradual changes in gene frequencies in a population due to random events
  2. b (Distinguised groups of plants and animals by their ability to mate with one another) English naturalist; defined the terms Genus and species. Genus: a group of closely related organisms. Species: a group of organisms that are structurally similar and can pass these similarities on to their off-spring (capable of mating or breeding to produce fertile offspring).
  3. c (Father of comparative anatomy) 1769-1832, opponent of Lamarck, introduced the concept of extinction to explain the disappearance of animals represented by fossils
  4. d speciation hypothesis rooted in uniformitarianism. The hypothesis states that species continue to adapt to new environmental and biological selection pressures over the course of their history, gradually becoming new species
  5. e well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the number of offspring an individual produces and rears to reproductive age; an individual's genetic contribution to the next generation
  2. - the study of human biology within an evolutionary framework
  3. movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the migration of individuals to or from the population
    - exchange of genes between populations
  4. pattern of evolution in which long stable periods are interrupted by brief periods of more rapid change
  5. (Frence naturalist and contemporary of Linnaeus) Recognized the dynamic relationship between the external environment and living forms. Also recognized that certain regions have unique plants and animals, and stressed that animals came from a center of origin.

5 True/False questions

  1. Allopatric SpeciationThe formation of a new species as a result of an ancestral population's becoming isolated by a geographic barrier.


  2. CladogenesisA pattern of evolutionary change involving the transformation of an entire population, sometimes to a state different enough from the ancestral population to justify renaming it as a separate species; also called phyletic evolution.


  3. Analogysimilarity between two species that is due to convergent evolution rather than to descent from a common ancestor with the same trait


  4. Archaeology Anthropology- study of material remains of past culture
    - artifactual record
    - dating artifacts


  5. Adaptive Radiationthe development of many different forms from an originally homogeneous group of organisms as they fill different ecological niches


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