← ANTH Key Terms Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Sex Chromosome
- Charles Darwin
- Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
- (Shared) Derived
- a Speciation through a branching mechanism whereby an ancestral population gives rise to two or more descendant populations.
- b (Father of evolution) English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.
- c Relating to specific character traits shared in common between two life-forms and considered the most useful for making evolutionary interpretations.
- d (Studied the interaction of organix forms and their environment) French naturalist who proposed that evolution resulted from the inheritance of acquired characteristics (1744-1829)
- e (genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- - an approach to research
- observation -> hypothesis -> experimentation -> interpretation -> report results
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
- large-scale evolutionary changes that take place over long periods of time
- a single gene having multiple phenotypic effects
- principle of segregation
- traits are controlled by discrete units (gene)
- units come in pairs, offspring inherits one unit from each parent
- Similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry.
5 True/False Questions
Alfred Russel Wallace → (Wrote that species change over time) Englishman, 1731-1802, grandfather of Charles Darwin, wrote concepts of time for life to evolve, competition of resources, and the importance of environment in the evolutionary process
Linnaeus → (Father of Taxonomy) Developed the classification (taxonomy) of plants and animals. Grouped life forms on imilarities and idfferences in their physical characteristic. Differences of life forms as a part of the Creator's orderly plan.
Mendel's Method → - used 2 distinct traits with 2 contrasts
- yellow and green seeds, tall and short heights
- saw what traits were dominant
Systema Naturae → The scientific study of the kinds and diversity of organisms and of any and all relationships among them
Phenotype → well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations