Process of simultaneously composing and performing music.
Moral and ethical qualities of music.
Science of sound.
Seven-note scales within the range of an octave.
Restrained, objective style of art.
Emotional, subjective style of art.
Medieval period, Middle Ages
The period from about 500 to 1450 C.E.
The text and formal arrangement of a religious service
Polyphonic music conceived without an intention that the combined melody lines should form chordal or harmonic combinations.
Production of music by several voices or instruments at the same pitch, performed at the same octave or at different octaves.
Unaccompanied group singing.
Plainsong, Plainchant, Chant, Gregorian Chant
Music to which portions of the Catholic service are sung. THe texture is monophonic, the timbre that of unaccompanied voices.
A sustained or repeated tone.
Age of Humanism
A period, characterized in which all the voices perform the same melody, beginning at different times.
A persistently ("obstinately") repeated melodic or rhythmic pattern.
Roman Catholic worship service.
The word means "rebirth." SPelled with a capital letter, it refers to the period of renewed interest in the classical arts of ancient Greece and Rome that began in the early fifteenth century and dominated the style of Western Music from 1450 to 1600.
Protest movement, led by Martin Luther, against certain tenets of the Catholic church.
Catholic response to the Protestant REformation; it proposed certain reforms, including some related to church music.
Golden Age of Polyphony
Term for the Renaissance, when polyphonic texture was prevalent and particularly beautiful.
Religious vocal composition that is through-composed, polyphonic in texture, sung in Latin, and invariably serene and worshipful.
Musical illustrations of verbal concepts.
A form containing new music throughout.
Technique in which each phrase of a composition is addressed by all the voices, which enter successively in imitation of each other.
Religious song, strophic in form, with freely written text, appropriate for congregational singing.
Characteristic hymn introduced by Martin Luther.
The most popular song form ,having two or more stanzas all set to the same music.
Tuneful settings of the 150 psalms in versions suitable for congregational singing.