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Charismatic Leader

charm and grace; works the room; makes people feel they are the most important

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picks up on the mood and reading the environment; bulids trust through self-sacrifice; effective use of storytelling

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religious leaders; politicans; cult leaders; followers become one with the leader; followers believe they are superior to others

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what sets them apart from other styles is their focus; they may not want to change anything.; their self-beilef is so great they believe theya re infalliable; intollerant of challengers; more concerned with themself.

Participative leader

when people are involved in the decision-making process, then they have a greater understnading of the issue; people are more committed when involved; social committment is greater; working towards a combined goal

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managers decide to give or deny control; many varieties; "sells" idea to team

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leader define "what" and the team decides "how"; level of participation depends on the decision; wide varities on the spectrum

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Management by Objectives; consultation; empowerment; joint decision-making; democratic leadership; power-sharing

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disatrious when managers ask for opinions but then ignore them.

Situational leadership

nor just one preferred style; affected by motivation, capability, particular situation, relationship between followers and leader

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leader's perception will dictate how they respond; style is highly variable

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work on factors such as external relationships, getting resources, managing demands on the group, managing structures, culture of the group

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overall importance is on getting things done; will give directives if feels chance of failure is possible

Transactional leadership

reward and punishment motivates people; clear chain of command; manager has all authority

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negotiates contract- salary and benefits and company gets authority

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subordinates

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leader gives work to a person and that person is fully responsible; failure is the fault of the follower and punishment follow;

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if it is not broken don't fix;

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"telling" not "selling"; much more towrds managment in power on the spectrum

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reward and punishment based on performance

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ignores complex emotions of people; very beahvioral based

Transformational leadership

"selling"

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inspires; vision and passion can help achieve great things; energize with enthusiasm to get work done

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care about you and want you to succeed; highly visiable

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looks toward the future; accepts blkind spots and failures as long as progress is being made

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a clear vision is necessary for a clear direction

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motivates and rallies people; listens to their needs, soothing; wants to transform the group

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uses ceremonies, rituals to sustain motivation; their enthusiasm can wear out the group

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balances progress and mental health of group

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charismatic but not narcissistic; passion and confidence are easily mistaken for truth and reality; fail to see the small details which can bring their downfall.

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frustrated when popel or organization does not want change.

Quiet leadership

opposite of charismatic or transformational leader

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actions speak louder than words; provides praise

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persuades people through rational argument; task-focused; plays the value card to persuade

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gives other credit for successes but takes responsibility for failures

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peace and harmony can be valued more than challenge and conflict which can be their downfall

Servant Leadership

leader is responsible for followrs; have a responsibility towards society and the disadvantaged; a desire to help others

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helps others to achieve and improve by serving them

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puts well-being of followers before other goals; can appear soft and easy but in reality they make more personal sacrifices for the good of the whole

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