A component of the CPU that contains the circuitry to carry out instructions, such as mathematical and logical operations.
Binary number system
A number system that uses only two values, 0 and 1, and is used by computers and digital devices to represent and process data.
Rewriteable CD; a CD that can be rewritten numerous times just as you would a hard drive.
Central processing unit-
A group of integrated circuits that work together to perform the processing in a computer system.
A series of electronic pulses at a predetermined rate used to synchronize processing activities.
Compact disk read-only memory- Optical media that stores up to 700 MB of data.
Part of the CPU that accesses and decodes program instructions, and coordinates the flow of data among various system components.
The trend to merge multiple digital services into one device.
Optical media that stores over 4.7 GB of data.
A measure, in width by height, of the number of pixels on the screen.
A small memory module, about the size of your thumb or smaller that conveniently plugs into the USB port of a PC or other digital electronics device to provide convenient, portable, high capacity storage.
Form of solid state storage that updates the data it holds in large blocks.
Used to control game chrematistics and objects.
Billions of cycles per second.
Graphics processing unit-
A powerful processor that handles advanced graphics rendering for demanding graphics applications such as the 3D environments of the game.
Assists in capturing and entering raw data into the computer system.
Also called chips; multiple transistors integrated into a single module used to store and process bits and bytes into today's computers.
Liquid crystal display-
A thin, flat display that uses liquid crystals placed between two glasses to form characters and graphic images on a backlit screen.
Uses magnetic properties of iron and oxide particles to store bits and bytes more permanently than RAM.
Millions of cycles per second.
Continuing advances in technological innovation will make it possible to reduce the size of transistors, doubling their density on their processor chip every two years.
The primary circuit board of a computing device.
Stores bits by using an optical laser to burn pits into the surface of a highly reflective disc surface.
Device that allows you to observe the results of computer processing with one or more of your senses.
Random access memory-
Temporary memory that stores bytes of data and program instructions for the processor to access.
Read only memory-
A type of system memory that provides permanent storage for data and instructions that do not change, such as programs and data from the computer manufacturer, including the boot process used to start the computer.
Stores data using transistors.
Allows you to select items on the screen by touching them with your finger or a stylus.
An electronics component composed typically of silicon; opens or closes a circuit to alter the flow of electricity to store and manipulate bits.
Universal serial bus-
Standard that allows a wide array of devices to a computer through a common port.
An area of computer science that deals with simulating human thought and behavior in computers.
Represents data using technologies that can be set to one of two states such as on or of or charged and not charged
A group of eight bits used to represent all types of useful data and information, such as characters, words or sounds.
A digital electronics device that combines hardware and software to accept the input of data, process and store data and produce some useful output
A telecomunications network that connects two or more computers for the purpose of sharing data, hardware and software services
Computer based information system
Makes use of computer hardware and software databases telecommunications, people, and procedures to manage and distribute digital information
The items stored on a digital electronics device
A collection of data stored on a computer, organized to meet users needs
refers to technologies and devices based on digits
The social and economic gap between those who have access to computers and information technologies and those who do not.
Digital electronics device
any device that stores and processes bits electronically
The process of transforming nondigital information, such as things you experience with your senses to 1s and 0s.
Sometimes called micro controllers, special purpose computers that are embedded in electrical and mechanical devices in order to control them
Bytes combined to represent a named collection of instructions or data stored in the computer or digital device
An individual who subverts computer security without authorization
the tangible components of a computer system or digital device
Data organized and presented in a manner that has additional value beyond the value of the data itself
Issues related to the protection of the components of an information system
Issues related to the components of a computer based information system
A network of network that provides a vast array of services to individuals
A computer station that provides the public with specific and useful information and services
combines microscopic electronic components on a single integrated circuit that processes bits accordingly to software instructions
A general use computer designed to accommodate the many needs of an individual
rules that allow two or more computers to communicate over a network
a powerful general purpose computer that provides information services to numerous users over a computer network
The electronic instructions that govern the computers system functioning
The most powerful type of computer using hundreds or even thousands of processors simultaneously to accomplish very difficult tasks
The activity of creating new modifying existing systems
tools, materials, and processes that help solve human problems
communications that take place electronically over a distance
Voice over internet protocol
Allows phone conversations to travel over the internet or other data networks
Networking that uses radio signals rather than cables to connect computers and digital devices to computer networks and often through those networks to the internet
World Wide Web
An internet service that provides convenient access to information through hyperlinks.