Spanish Civil War
Spanish conservatives formed the fascist party know as the Falange under the leadership of General Francisco Franco. They called themselves the Nationalists and they were opposed by the Loyalists, or Republicans, people who favored a republic.
In September 1938, Hitler demanded that the Sudetenland be annexed to Germany. The British and French were fearful of the German military and decided eo appease Hitler and yeild to his demands.
In August 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, met on a British battleship off the coast of New Foundland and drew up a statement that set the national policies of their two democracies. Its many provisions followed the spirit of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen point plan.
In 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Joseph Stalin met in the Soviet Union. The Big Three, as these allied leaders were called, decided that after Germany was defeated it would be divided and occupied by Allied Troops. The Soviet Union was to enter the war against Japan.
British, Belgian, and French troops were trapped by German forced at the seaport of ___. Between May 27 and June 4, 1940, 338,000 allied soldiers were transported across the English Channel to England, although all their heavy equipment was lost.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japanese cities where the first atomic bomb s were dropped by the US in August 1945 and immediately afterwards the Japanese government unconditionally surrendured and WWII was finally over.
In June 1943, American and British armies attacked the "soft underbelly of the Axis" when they landed on the island of __________. They took the island in less than a month and from there attacked the Italian mainland.
Germany developed "lightning war". It was conducted with great speed and force. It depended on the superiority in air power and mobile ground troops.
Part of Hitler's "New Order" began in 1941 when he ordered the annihilation of the entire Jewish population of Europe.
Portion of Czecholovakia claimed by Hitler.
Battle in which the Nazi advance east through Russia was halted.
Naval battle that was a turning point in the war in the Pacific.
Location of Operation Overload, the invasion of northwest France. It would be the largest amphibious in history. On June 6, 1944, D-Day as the military called it, the long awaited landing began.
Because ___ had a large German population, Hitler claimed it for Germany.
Site of the US's first invasion of Japanese held territory. In August 1942, the Japanese attacked the American forces with our four savage attacks and were repulsed, with horrendous losses on both sides.
In 1943, the allies took the offensive in the Pacific. Forces from Australia and New Zealand assisted those from the US. Together they waged a long series of battles aimed at driving the Japanese out of the Soloman Islands. Only certain Japanese-held islands were captured; others were bypassed and left without supplies.
People who assist their country's enemies. In Norway, a critical collaborator, was a Norwegian Fascist Party leader named Quisling, whose name is now used as a synonym for the word traitor.
Turning point in the war in N. Africa. German General Rommel's forces were defeated in October 1942 in Egypt and as a resul, retreated to Tunisia.
Hitler's air force.
City in Lithuania ceded to the Germans. Like Danzig, it had a large German population with an active Nazi party.
The suprise attack by the Japanese on December 7, 1941 of the U.S. naval fleet. Resulted in the entry of the U.S. into the war.
In 1939, a majaority of Americans believed that Europe's wars were of no concern to the U.S.
German-Soviet Nonagression Pact
In 1939, this agreemtn shocked the world when Germany and the Soviets agreed to partition Poland. It gave Hitler the green light to begin WWII
The first allied offensive against the Axis Powers came with a landings in ___________.
In 1928, 62 nations signed an agreement which made war "illegal" though it did not specify how to prevent it.
The U.S. Congress in early 1941 passed a law that autorized the presidnt to supply war materials to Great Britain on credit.
May 8, 1945 - The day of victory in Europe.
September 2, 1945 - Representitives of both sides signed the Japanese surrender documents aboard the American battleship Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay.