Chemical Reactions

19 terms by hmr106 

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Chapter 5

All ammonium and group 1A

Soluble

All nitrates

Soluble

Chlorides, bromides, and iodides when paired with what 3 elements are insoluble?

Ag, Hg, and Pb

Sulfates when paired with what 6 elements are insoluble?

Ag, Hg, Pb, Ca, Sr, and Ba

All chlorates

Soluble

All perchlorates

Soluble

All acetates

Soluble

Pairing sulfates with what elements make them soluble?

Groups 1 & 2A, ammonium

What 3 hydroxides are slightly soluble?

Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Ca(OH)2

All hydroxides (except when with 1A and ammonium)

Insoluble

All carbonates, phosphates, and sulfites (except group 1A and ammonium)

Insoluble

All oxides and oxalates (except group 1A)

Insoluble

Acids

Compound that increases the concentration of H+ ions or produces them when dissolved in water

Bases

Increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) or produces them when dissolved in water

What are the 6 strong acids?

Hydrochloric acid (HCl), Nitric acid (NO3), Sulfuric acid (H2SO4), Hydroiodic acid (HI), Hydrobromic acid (HBr), Perchloric acid (HClO4)

What are 6 strong bases?

Lithium hydroxide (LiOH), Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), Potassium hydroxide (KOH), Calcium hydroxide ((CaOH)2), Barium hydroxide ((BaOH)2), Strontium hydroxide ((SrOH)2)

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to produce a salt and water

Oxidation

Adding oxygen to an element/compund

Reduction

Adding hydrogen; reduce ore to metal; reverse of oxidation

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