Modern Art History - Dada (terms)

Created by kyleml21 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Zurich Dada (Describe)

Switzerland, First manifestation of Dada.
Manifesto Created.
Interest in absurd - Reflects absurdity of WWI
Ant-art

Zurich Dada (Dates)

1916 - 1919

Zurich Dada (Artists)

Hugo Ball
Emmy Hennings
Sophie Taeuber
Jean Arp

Hugo Ball (style, dates, describe works)

Zurich Dada
1916 -1919
Rejected from British Military
Dada Manifesto
Founded Cabaret Voltaire
Performative works - absurd costumes, strange words. Anti-art (eg - Karawane)

Cabaret Voltaire

Zurich Dada
Place where Zurich Dadaists would present their works.
Founded by Hugo Ball

Emmy Hennings (style, dates, describe work)

Zurich Dada
1916 - 1919
Collaborated with Hugo Ball at Cabaret Voltaire
Performative - poetry, puppets, dance

Sophie Taeuber (style, dates, describe work)

Zurich dada
1916 -1919
Married to jean Arp
Collaborated with Hugo Ball at Cabaret Voltaire
Designed: puppets, sets, costumes
created: Sculptures - Dada heads

Jean Arp (style, dates, describe work)

Zurich dada
1916 -1919
Married to Sophie Taeuber
Famous: Early visual Dada works
Collage: Cut strips of paper/textiles, dropped on canvas.
Sculpture: usually wood. Biomorphic figures. Painted. Also used metals

Biomorhpic

Invokes image from organic form.
Example: Limbs, eggs, sexual organs, etc.

New York Dada (Dates & Describe)

1915 - 1920
More playful than Zurich (less of war theme)
Intellectual and conceptual art

Marcel Duchamp (style, dates, describe work, )

New York Dada
1915 - 1920
Paintings: cubist influence, suggestive titles, Mechanimorphic
Readymades: common items, not changed, merely presented.

readymades

New York Dada
1915 -1920
Pioneer: Duchamp
Manufactured objects promoted to the dignity of the artist. (Breton quote)

Mechanomorphic

Machine as body.
(Duchamp, Hausmann)

Man Ray (style, dates, describe work)

New York Dada
1915 - 1920
Photogrphy: described as "readymade painting," Rayographs, Duchamp as subject, Lee Miller as subject
Readymades: Useful items made useless, highlights invisible objects,

Rayographs

New York Dada
1915 - 1920
Pioneer: Man Ray
placed items on photo paper and exposed to light to create reverse shadows.

Lee Miller

New York Dada
1915 -1920
Model for Man Ray photos

German Dada (Dates and Describe)

1918 - 1923
More political than others, came out of idealized Wiemar Republic. Critical of government

Raoul Hausmann

German Dada
1918 - 1923
Photomontage: Mechanomorphic, used text to express disgust with culture.
Sculpture: Mechanomorphic, readymade

Hannah Höch

German Dada
1918 - 1923
Photomontage: Used images and raw materials to blend industrial images with society and text images. Early feminist. Political. Work is usually "Busy"

Photomontage

Mostly German Dada
Hannah Höch - most well known
Combining found images and text to create a new, single piece of visual art

Assemblage

German Dada (mostly)
1918 - 1923
Pioneer: Schwitters
Single work of art that blends 2 and 3 dimensional images. Pops out of the work. Tangible.

Kurt Schwitters

German Dada
1918 - 1923
Assemblage: Concerned with more formal elements of art than other Dadaists. Less political. Looks at placement and form. 3 dimensional

Max Ernst

German Dada
1918 -1923
Assemblage: mostly painted wood in frame
Photomontage: Simpler montages, less busy, mechanomorphic, political & anti-war.
Painting: Biomorphic - images resemble human or animal forms. Recognizable, but not concrete. Looks logical, but is not

Paris Dada (dates and describe)

1919 - 1922
Short lived - transforms quickly into another form.
Mostly literary movement

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set