What was vital to growing American businesses?
What invention speeded up communication within the United States?
What did Cyrus field do?
he laid a cable down on the floor of the ocean so that messages from Europe could get to America and vise versa
What does transatlantic mean?
across the Atlantic
Who sent the first transatlantic message to President James Buchanan in Washington, D.C.?
What did Alexander Graham Bell invent?
What were the first words spoken on the telephone?
"Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you."
-Alexander Graham Bell
What company did Alexander Graham Bell form? Why?
The Bell Telophone Company. He invented it because other companies would not buy his invention.
Who is the "Wizard of Menlo Park?
Name some of Thomas Edison's inventions?
the lightbulb, the phonograph, an early version of a movie projector
Name one of Edison's most important creations that took place in New York City in 1882?
the electric power plant
How did the electric power plant affect the country?
people could turn on lights with the flip of a switch. factories switched their power source to electric, and electricty lighted countless homes
How did Gustavus Swift transform the American diet?
he invented the refridgerator, which could keep meat from spoiling. it was able to be shipped now.
What did George Eastman introduce to the American public in 1888.
a lightweight Kodak camera
What type device did Elijah McCoy create in 1872?
a device that oiled machines automatically
Who invented a machine that could perform almost all the steps in shoemaking that had previously been done by hand?
Who was responsible for making the auto part of everyday American life?
What was the moving assembly line?
a conveyor belt
What is mass production?
Making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
What was the first reaction to the car by many Americans?
many laughed and thought it was ridiculous, and others thought it was dangerous
About how many cars were owned by people in 1890? By 1917?
8000, then 4.5 million
Who are Orville and Wilbur Wright?
brothers who invented the plane
When and where was the first "flying machine" tested?
December 17, 1903; Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Who was the first group of people who saw the need for the airplane?