a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area
British Prime Minister Architect of the Sugar Act; his method of taxation and crackdown on colonial smuggling were widely disliked by Americans. He passed the Stamp Act arguing that colonists received virtual representation in Parliament. Enforces proclomation of 1763, (land reserved for natives set aside) Decides american colonists should pay british was debts. Needed more revenue. Ends salutary neglect,begin to strictly tax.
Stamp Act Congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent, A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
Sons & Daughters of Liberty
Organizations that led protests, helped American soldiers, instated a boycott, and generally resisted the British.
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases. Parliament had the right to tax the colonies if saw fit.
External and Internal Taxes
External- taxes on trade outside colonies
Internal- Taxes on trade within colonies
(internal was new added tax, external was already common)
Writs of Assistance
Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed British officers/officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search.
A member of the Sons of Liberty who started the Committee of Correspondence to stir public support for American independence.
Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech., An American orator and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses who gave speeches against the British government and its policies urging the colonies to fight for independence. In connection with a petition to declare a "state of defense" in virginia in 1775, he gave his most famous speech which ends with the words, "Give me liberty or give me death." Henry served as Governor of Virginia from 1776-1779 and 1784-1786, and was instrumental in causing the Bill of Rights to be adopted as part of the U.S. Constitution.
The African-Native American man who was the first man to die in the Boston Massacre, also considered the first death in the Revolutionary War
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress endorsed the Suffolk Resolves, voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III, conceding to Parliament the power of regulation of commerce but stringently objecting to its arbitrary taxation and unfair judicial system.
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies., A network of communicaiton set up in Massachusetts and Virginia to inform other colonies of ways that Britain threatened colonial rights
Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in sixty seconds., colonial volunteers trained and prepared to fight at a minute's notice
Lexington and Concord
first battles of the revolutionary war., Lexington was the town that Samuel Adams and John Hancock, rebel leaders, were supposedly in the vicinity of. Concord, a town 18 miles from Boston, was where the minutemen had stored a large supply of gunpowder. Lexington was also they place that General Thomas Gage, command of the British garrison, sent 1,000 troops on April 18, 1775, in hopes of surprising the colonists and seizing their weapons without any bloodshed. When the British arrived in Lexington, minutemen were waiting for them on the town common, and shots were fired; eight killed and ten wounded. After this the British advanced to Concord to gain the supplies, but upon the arrival they discovered that the Americans had hastily removed most of the powder supply.
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)