7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- Fritz and Laura Perlz
- -Versus psychodynamic theorists-people were NOT inherently trustworthy they were motivated by instincts
-Versus behaviorists who said that "man" was neither; learning is what creates trustworthiness
- refers to all existential, humanistic, and gestalt orientations.
- whole is better than the sum of its parts
- Will each have our own internal world and what is important is how things feel/appear to us
- Humans tend to develop our individual talents, interests and potentials, assuming that we have a supportive environment to do so (Remember Maslow's Hierarchy)
6 True/False Questions
Gestalt technique-Awareness → a field theory in that it holds that one must look at the total configuration of interrelationships in a person's life to understand his behavior. This includes the person's past experiences, beliefs, and values, expectations, current momentary desires and needs, current structure of life, including where he lives, his relationships and work, finally the immediate situation he is in at the moment.
What is the approach most CP's use? → At least have use humanistic approaches as either their primary theoretical orientation or the basis for their eclectic use of techniques
Gendlin's Focusing-Oriented → Therapy is effective when it is experienced focusing on felt experiences, listening to the experience, letting words flow from the experience. LESS about the topic, more focus on "how" the client is experiencing
Practicing Gestalt Techniques → -Humans are unified, whole organisms
-We are the healthiest when we can completely focus on one thing at a time
-When we focus on a need we can satisfy it and then it can recede and no longer consume energy
-Unmet needs remain lurking in the background-they are incomplete gestalts that demand completion/wholeness this is what is called unfinished business
-Thus unfinished business contributes to a lack of wholeness in the personality
Existential Therapy → Phenomenological view to understand one must be able to suspend their judgement and preconceptions
Therapist behaviors-Gestalt → -Involve noticing contradictions, especially between verbal and nonverbal behavior
-Changing language to make person take responsiblity
-Using "I" language rather than "it" language or other vague language
-Disallowing"yes but.." because the "but" takes the power out of the "yes"