4 Written Questions
4 Multiple Choice Questions
- Latin American politicians who favored regional governments rather than centralized administrations; often supported by liberal politicians.
- the belief that development and underdevelopment were not stages but were part of the same process; that development and growth of areas like western Europe were achieved at the expense of underdevelopment of dependent regions like Latin America.
- United States declaration of 1823 that any attempt by a European country to colonize the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act.guano: bird droppings utilized as fertilizer; a major Peruvian export between 1850 and 1880.
- coffee estates that spread into the Brazilian interior between 1840 and 1860; caused intensification of slavery.
4 True/False Questions
positivism → a philosophy based on the ideas of Auguste Compte; stressed observation and scientific approaches to the problems of society.
caudillos → leaders in independent Latin America who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized the national government.
gauchos → mounted rural workers in the Rio de la Plata region.
modernization theory → the belief that the more industrialized, urban, and modern a society became, the more social change and improvement were possible as traditional patterns and attitudes were abandoned or transformed.