4 Written questions
4 Multiple choice questions
- coffee estates that spread into the Brazilian interior between 1840 and 1860; caused intensification of slavery.
- a philosophy based on the ideas of Auguste Compte; stressed observation and scientific approaches to the problems of society.
- mounted rural workers in the Rio de la Plata region.
- advisors to Díaz's government who were influenced strongly by Positivist ideas.
4 True/False questions
caudillos → leaders in independent Latin America who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized the national government.
federalists → Latin American politicians who favored strong, centralized national governments with broad powers; often supported by conservative politicians.
Monroe Doctrine → United States declaration of 1823 that any attempt by a European country to colonize the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act.guano: bird droppings utilized as fertilizer; a major Peruvian export between 1850 and 1880.
centralists → Latin American politicians who favored regional governments rather than centralized administrations; often supported by liberal politicians.