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4 Written Questions

4 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a philosophy based on the ideas of Auguste Compte; stressed observation and scientific approaches to the problems of society.
  2. mounted rural workers in the Rio de la Plata region.
  3. advisors to Díaz's government who were influenced strongly by Positivist ideas.
  4. Latin American politicians who favored regional governments rather than centralized administrations; often supported by liberal politicians.

4 True/False Questions

  1. fazendascoffee estates that spread into the Brazilian interior between 1840 and 1860; caused intensification of slavery.


  2. caudillosleaders in independent Latin America who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized the national government.


  3. Manifest DestinyUnited States declaration of 1823 that any attempt by a European country to colonize the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act.guano: bird droppings utilized as fertilizer; a major Peruvian export between 1850 and 1880.


  4. dependency theorythe belief that development and underdevelopment were not stages but were part of the same process; that development and growth of areas like western Europe were achieved at the expense of underdevelopment of dependent regions like Latin America.


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