4 Written Questions
4 Multiple Choice Questions
- belief in the United States that it was destined to rule from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
- United States declaration of 1823 that any attempt by a European country to colonize the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act.guano: bird droppings utilized as fertilizer; a major Peruvian export between 1850 and 1880.
- the belief that the more industrialized, urban, and modern a society became, the more social change and improvement were possible as traditional patterns and attitudes were abandoned or transformed.
- mounted rural workers in the Rio de la Plata region.
4 True/False Questions
federalists → Latin American politicians who favored regional governments rather than centralized administrations; often supported by liberal politicians.
positivism → advisors to Díaz's government who were influenced strongly by Positivist ideas.
fazendas → coffee estates that spread into the Brazilian interior between 1840 and 1860; caused intensification of slavery.
centralists → Latin American politicians who favored strong, centralized national governments with broad powers; often supported by conservative politicians.