Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Tanzimat reforms

Western-style reforms within the Ottoman Empire between 1839 and 1876; included a European-influenced constitution in 1876.

Young Turks

members of the Ottoman Society for Union and Progress: intellectuals and political agitators seeking the return of the 1876 constitution; gained power through a coup in 1908.Mamluks: rulers of Egypt under the Ottomans; defeated by Napoleon in 1798; revealed the vulnerability of the Muslim world.

khedives

descendants of Muhammad Ali and rulers of Egypt until 1952.

Cixi

conservative dowager empress who dominated the last decades of the Qing dynasty.

Puyi

last Qing ruler; deposed in 1912

Mamluks

rulers of Egypt under the Ottomans; defeated by Napoleon in 1798; revealed the vulnerability of the Muslim world.

compradors

wealthy group of merchants under the Qing; specialized in the import-export trade on China's south coast

Taiping Rebellion

massive rebellion in southern China in the 1850s and 1860s led by Hong Xinquan; sought to overthrow the Qing dynasty and Confucianism

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set