a unit of an empire
relative who lived in the past; person from whom one is descended
practice of government employment based on competitive examinations and merit
earliest ruling dynasty known in China
nickname for the Shang dynasty because of the large amount of bronze that was used at the time for tools and weapons
established in 221 BCE at the end of the Waring States Period; founded by Qin Shi Huangdi; reorganized China into large provinces; Great Wall was begun
A great and long-lasting rule, it discarded the harsh policies of the Qin dynasty and adopted Confucian principles. Han rulers chose officials on merit rather than birth. It was a time of prosperity
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
Mandate From Heaven
The belief that an emperor has an allowance from heaven to rule; this is revoked during times of disaster
an irrigated or flooded field where rice is grown
a series of rulers from the same family
"The Way" In Chinese philosophy. It is the single unified source where all life in the universe originated
In the Zhou Dynasty, a Chinese philosopher and teacher who taught respect for family and elders and proper behavior in society.
Confucius's greatest disciple; he has been called the second sage; wrote the Analects.
Collection of the ideas and teachings of Confucius.
A Chinese philosophy of government emphasizing strong authority (because people were naturally 'bad'.
system of beliefs introduced by the Chinese thinker Confucius; taught that people needed to have a sense of duty to their family and community in order to bring peace to society
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.