SS exam

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Bill of Rights

1st ten amendments of the constitution that protect our individual rights and freedom

Great Compromise

Sherman proposed a two-house legislator. In the lower house, the House of REpresentatives,the number of seats for each state would vary according to the state's population. In the upper house, THe Senate, each state would have two members.

Manifest Destiny

belief that the Us should exist from the Atlantic to the PAcific

Industrial Revolution

the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry

National Road

The first road to connect with the West, built with government funds

Erie Canal

An artificial waterway across centrel New York from Albany to buffulo

land bridge

A strip of land that connects to large land masses.

Jamestown

A town after King JAmes settled by the English colonists. It lacked good farmland, swampy land with mosquitos, many diseases, lack of food, impure water, and conflicts with the Native Americans

Mayflower compact

Formal document, that provided law and order for the PIt was set up for the pilgrams.

French and Indian WAr

War between England and Britain for control of world trade and power on the seas. Some Native Americans fought on the side of the british but most fought for the french. It was also known as the 7 year war.

Great Awakening

The name for the powerful religious revival that swept over the colonies. New Church's were founded during this time.

Boston TEa Party

A group of men disguised as Mohawks boarded the ships dumped British tea into the harbor in protest of a high increase of taxes put on tea.

Boston Massacre

British soldiers panicked when an angry mob of colonists approached them and shot their guns killing 5 people.

American Revolution

The war between the colonists and the British government leading to the formation of the fist 13 colonies

Loyalists

American colonist who remained loyal to britain and opposed the war for independence

Patriots

AMerican colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won

Lexington and Concord

The first military engagements of the American Revolutionary war.

War of 1812

War that resulted from Britain putting economic limitations on the United States

Federalists

supporters of the Constitution that favored 1 strong government and felt that the wealthy should lead the nation

WHere the french and indian war was mainly fought

Ohio VAlley

leader of troops in New orleans

Andrew Jackson

Writer of the star spangled banner during the war of 1812

Francis Scott KEy

What sides the Native Americans were on during the war of 1812

Britains

leaders of the Federalists

HAmilton

AntiFederalists

individuals who opposed ratification of the Constitution

Branches of Government

Executive, Judicial, and Legislative

Executive

the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies

Judicial

the branch of government, including the federal court ststem that interprets the nation's laws. They can declare a law unconstitutional.

Legislative

the branch of government that makes the nations laws

Constitutional Convention

The meeting of stated delegates in Philadelphia where the US Constitution was made. The meeting included compromise, secret debates, and ratification

Articles of confederation

1st US constitution

Declaration of Independence

A US document used to announce the separation of the American colonies from Britain. RIghts of the Constitution are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Constitution

The formal plan of government of the United States.

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