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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Frontal lobe
  2. Broca's area
  3. Random assignment
  4. Results of Carlson (1985)
  5. Dependent variable
  1. a The purpose of this study was to test the central claim of astrology; The results were clear-cut. Six expert astrologers failed to do significantly better than chance or than a non-astrologer control subject at matching birth information to the corresponding case materials for 23 individuals. The as- trologers and control subject also did no better at the matching task than ten judges who attempted to rank order the ages of the 23 test cases solely on the basis of photographs. Astrologers' predictive accuracy was unrelated to their level of confidence in their predictions. Furthermore, there was little or no predictive agreement among the astrologers, even though the astrologers purported to be using the same system and methods to arrive at their predic- tions. Overall, the astrologers probably could have done just as well if they had matched the birth information with the case materials in a random manner
  2. b a region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas for movement, abstract thinking, planning, memory, judgment
  3. c left temporal lobe; controls a person's ability of speech comprehension
  4. d a procedure that uses random event to assign people to the experimental or control group
  5. e the variable that is measured in a study

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. located in the subcortical area, a set of subcortical structures that directs intentional movements; located near the thalamus and hypothalamus; receive input from the cerebral cortex and send outputs to the motor centers in the brainstem
  2. extent to which a measure assess what it claims to measure; a test must be reliable to be valid, but a reliable test can still be completely invalid
  3. Some people believe that humans have the capacity for free will - the ability to choose their actions without being forced to follow a certain course by either by the influence of others or by natural laws
  4. theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain
  5. a set o f nerves that carries involuntary and automatic commands that control blood vessels, body organs, and glands. has two major subdivisions: Sympathetic (stressful) and Parasympathetic (relaxed).

5 True/False questions

  1. Psychology theoretical frameworksApplied cognitive psychology, clinical psychology, counseling psychology


  2. Psychoanalytic theorysubfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior


  3. BehaviorRefers to observable actions of humans/ nonhumans


  4. Archival Research(a blank slate) Aristotle believed that the child's mind was a blank slate on which experiences were written, argued for philosophical empiricism, which holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience


  5. Midbrainsits on top of the hindbrain, relatively small in humans, is important for orientation and movement


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