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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Basal forebrain
  2. Heuristics
  3. Temporal lobes
  4. Brain function in CNS
  5. Validity
  1. a Consists of a group of regions in the lower, or basal, area of the brain; it is important as a producer of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which affects the ability of brain cells to transmit information to one another. It is known to have an effect on attention, reflexes, and learning. Degeneration is associated with Alzheimer's disease.
  2. b The brain plays a central role in the control of most bodily functions, including awareness, movements, sensations, thoughts, speech, and memory. Some reflex movements can occur via spinal cord pathways without the participation of brain structures.
  3. c extent to which a measure assess what it claims to measure; a test must be reliable to be valid, but a reliable test can still be completely invalid
  4. d mental shortcuts; anything we engage in to conserve cognitive energy, Pro: efficient Con: Tendency to oversimplify reality-ex: stereotypes
  5. e region of the cerebral cortex responsible for hearing and language

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. respects animal rights and treat them humanely
  2. the variable that is manipulated in an experiment
  3. Representativeness, Base rate, Availability
  4. Hindbrain, Midbrain, Forebrain
  5. Can be time consuming and expensive, does not allow for scientific control of variables, experimenters cannot control extraneous variables, subjects may be aware of the observer and may act differently as a result

5 True/False questions

  1. Evolutionary psychologyapproach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved overtime by natural selection


  2. Sympathetic DivisionA set of nerves that prepares the body for action in threatening situations; dilates pupils, relaxes bronchi, accelerates heartbeat, inhibits digestive activity, stimulates glucose release and secretion of epinephrine/norepinephrine, relaxes bladder, stimulates ejaculation in male.


  3. Results of Carlson (1985)respects animal rights and treat them humanely


  4. Gestalt psychologya psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of its parts


  5. Archival ResearchA region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information


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