5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Basal forebrain
- Results of Carlson (1985)
- Evolutionary psychology
- Brain function in CNS
- a approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved overtime by natural selection
- b involves observing and recording the variables of interest in the natural environment without interference or manipulation by the experimenter.
- c Consists of a group of regions in the lower, or basal, area of the brain; it is important as a producer of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which affects the ability of brain cells to transmit information to one another. It is known to have an effect on attention, reflexes, and learning. Degeneration is associated with Alzheimer's disease.
- d The brain plays a central role in the control of most bodily functions, including awareness, movements, sensations, thoughts, speech, and memory. Some reflex movements can occur via spinal cord pathways without the participation of brain structures.
- e The purpose of this study was to test the central claim of astrology; The results were clear-cut. Six expert astrologers failed to do significantly better than chance or than a non-astrologer control subject at matching birth information to the corresponding case materials for 23 individuals. The as- trologers and control subject also did no better at the matching task than ten judges who attempted to rank order the ages of the 23 test cases solely on the basis of photographs. Astrologers' predictive accuracy was unrelated to their level of confidence in their predictions. Furthermore, there was little or no predictive agreement among the astrologers, even though the astrologers purported to be using the same system and methods to arrive at their predic- tions. Overall, the astrologers probably could have done just as well if they had matched the birth information with the case materials in a random manner
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The experimenter cannot introduce changes in participant behavior, enormous amounts of data provide a better view of trends, relationships, and outcomes, often less expensive than other study methods. Researchers can often access data through free archives or records databases.
- A set of nerves that helps the body return to a normal resting state; contracts pupils, constricts bronchi, slows heartbeat, stimulates digestive activity and gall bladder, contracts bladder, allows blood flow to sex organs
- A set of nerves that prepares the body for action in threatening situations; dilates pupils, relaxes bronchi, accelerates heartbeat, inhibits digestive activity, stimulates glucose release and secretion of epinephrine/norepinephrine, relaxes bladder, stimulates ejaculation in male.
- a psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection
- Manipulation and random assignment
5 True/False Questions
Random assignment → receives information from other neurons and relays it to the cell body
Random selection → technique for choosing participants that ensures that every member of a population has an equal chance of being included in the sample
Psychology theoretical frameworks → Nativism, psychoanalytic theory, humanistic psychology, behaviorism, cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, social psychology, phrenology
Nativism → the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn
Validity → estimating the likelihood of an occurrence based on the ease it comes to mind