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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Random assignment
  2. Axon
  3. Dependent variable
  4. Nature vs. Nurture
  5. Evolutionary psychology
  1. a the variable that is measured in a study
  2. b The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. Some philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested that certain things are inborn, or that they simply occur naturally regardless of environmental influences. Other well-known thinkers such as John Locke believed in what is known as tabula rasa, which suggests that the mind begins as a blank slate. According to this notion, everything that we are and all of our knowledge is determined by our experience.
  3. c a psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection
  4. d a procedure that uses random event to assign people to the experimental or control group
  5. e transmits information to other neurons, muscles, or glands

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information
  2. area of the brain that coordinates information coming into and out of the spinal cord
  3. Used in personality tests and can be administered in a computer or pen-and-paper format. Typically test-takers are presented with a number of questions or statements and are then asked to select the response that best describes them. These inventories are popular because they allow researchers to collect a great deal of information quickly and easily (surveys)
  4. approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved overtime by natural selection
  5. estimating the likelihood of an occurrence based on the ease it comes to mind

5 True/False Questions

  1. types of heuristicsmental shortcuts; anything we engage in to conserve cognitive energy, Pro: efficient Con: Tendency to oversimplify reality-ex: stereotypes


  2. Validityextent to which a measure assess what it claims to measure; a test must be reliable to be valid, but a reliable test can still be completely invalid


  3. Parietal lobea region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include processing information about touch


  4. How neurons communicateSynapse is the junction or region between the axon of one neuron and the dendrites, or cell body of another. There is a small synaptic space between them across which information is transmitted. The transmission of information across the synapse is fundamental to communication between neurons, a process that allows us to think, feel, and behave.


  5. Midbrainsits on top of the hindbrain, relatively small in humans, is important for orientation and movement


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