5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Disadvantages of Archival Research
- Advantages of Archival Research:
- Broca's area
- Disadvantages of Naturalistic Observation
- a The researchers have not control over how data was collected, important date may be missing from the records, previous research may be unreliable.
- b left temporal lobe; controls a person's ability of speech comprehension
- c mental shortcuts; anything we engage in to conserve cognitive energy, Pro: efficient Con: Tendency to oversimplify reality-ex: stereotypes
- d The experimenter cannot introduce changes in participant behavior, enormous amounts of data provide a better view of trends, relationships, and outcomes, often less expensive than other study methods. Researchers can often access data through free archives or records databases.
- e Can be time consuming and expensive, does not allow for scientific control of variables, experimenters cannot control extraneous variables, subjects may be aware of the observer and may act differently as a result
5 Multiple choice questions
- a region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas for movement, abstract thinking, planning, memory, judgment
- scientific study of mental processes, including perception, thought, memory and reasoning
- Consists of a group of regions in the lower, or basal, area of the brain; it is important as a producer of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which affects the ability of brain cells to transmit information to one another. It is known to have an effect on attention, reflexes, and learning. Degeneration is associated with Alzheimer's disease.
- The purpose of this study was to test the central claim of astrology; The results were clear-cut. Six expert astrologers failed to do significantly better than chance or than a non-astrologer control subject at matching birth information to the corresponding case materials for 23 individuals. The as- trologers and control subject also did no better at the matching task than ten judges who attempted to rank order the ages of the 23 test cases solely on the basis of photographs. Astrologers' predictive accuracy was unrelated to their level of confidence in their predictions. Furthermore, there was little or no predictive agreement among the astrologers, even though the astrologers purported to be using the same system and methods to arrive at their predic- tions. Overall, the astrologers probably could have done just as well if they had matched the birth information with the case materials in a random manner
- the variable that is manipulated in an experiment
5 True/False questions
Brain function in CNS → The spinal cord is connected to a section of the brain called the brainstem and runs through the spinal canal. Cranial nerves exit the brainstem. Nerve roots exit the spinal cord to both sides of the body. The spinal cord carries signals (messages) back and forth between the brain and the peripheral nerves.
Respect Animals → getting informed consent from participants, not coercing participation, protecting participants from harm, weighing benefits against risks, avoiding deception, and keeping information confidential
Wernicke's area → upper left temporal lobe; brain location for speech production
Hindbrain → sits on top of the hindbrain, relatively small in humans, is important for orientation and movement
Three main areas of the brain → Consists of a group of regions in the lower, or basal, area of the brain; it is important as a producer of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which affects the ability of brain cells to transmit information to one another. It is known to have an effect on attention, reflexes, and learning. Degeneration is associated with Alzheimer's disease.