← Unit 8 Review Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Homestead Act
- Dawes Severalty Act
- Cheif Joseph
- Panama Canal
- Spanish American War
- a 1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres, tried to make rugged individualists out of the Indians, attempt to assimilate the Indian population into that of the American.
- b the leader of the Nez Perce tribe that killed white settlers on the way to reservations because they were mad that the government was taking their land, "I will fight no more forever".
- c Law passed in 1862 that gave 160 acres of western land to those willing to settle in the west - along with the building of the transcontinental railroad a key factor in developing the frontier. One problem with the Homestead Act was that it was inadequate for farming in the rain-scarce Great Plains.
- d (TR) , The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal., Hay-Herran Treaty: Secretary of State John Hay pressured Colombian diplomat Tomas Herran to sign an agreement allowing U.S. to build a canal through Panama from which Columbia would receive big $ but was rejected by Colombian Senate. TR supported a rebellion in Panama (organized & financed by Philippe Bunau-Varilla) and recognized Panama as an independent nation.
- e War fought between the US and Spain in 1898 in Cuba and the Philippines. The US went into the war to help Cuba fight for independence. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. It can also be called the "Splendid Little War". The US received recognition from Europe and Spain began to fight in the side of the US.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- an association formed by farmers in the last 1800s to make life better for farmers by sharing information about crops, prices, and supplies
- The Wounded Knee Massacre, also known as The Battle at Wounded Knee Creek, was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, subsequently described as a "massacre" by General Nelson A. Miles in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
- Theory that when hard times came, the unemployed could migrate west and be prosperous farmers.
Induced urban employers to maintain high wage rates. (Denver, Chicago, St.Louis)
- Included people from many Indian nations including Cheyenne, Arapahos, Piutes, and Sioux. Came into great conflict with settlers because settlers did not respect the Indian land.
- abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations.
5 True/False Questions
Annexation of Hawaii → Republican William McKinley defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan in 1896. Bryan was the nominee of the Democrats, the Populist Party, and the Silver Republicans.Economic issues, including bimetallism, the gold standard, Free Silver, and the tariff, were crucial.
Teller Amendment → This amendment to the new Cuban constitution authorized U.S. intervention in Cuba to protect its interests. Cuba pledged not to make treates with other countries that might compromise its independence, and it granted naval bases to the United States, most notable being Guantanamo Bay.
Internationalism → A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan → a naval captain who was a leading advocate of sea power and Western Imperialism during the 1880's. In 1890 he published The Influence of Sea Power upon History which said that national greatness and prosperity came from maritime prosperity. He believed that the modern economic development called for a powerful navy and that it was America's "destiny" to control eh Caribbean and build a canal connecting the Pacific and the Caribbean. His ideas were widely popular and widely circulated
Election of 1896 → Republicans renominated President McKinley with Theodore Roosevelt as vice president. Democrats nominated William Jennings Bryan, who argued for free silver (1896). Americans accepted the recently enacted gold standard, while Bryan attacked the growth of American imperialism. Philippines was an accomplished fact. The growing national economic prosperity gave McKinley a victory.