← Unit 8 Review Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Plains Indians
- Spanish American War
- Election of 1896
- Teller Amendment
- Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan
- a April 1896 - U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but the Teller Amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba.
- b Republican William McKinley defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan in 1896. Bryan was the nominee of the Democrats, the Populist Party, and the Silver Republicans.Economic issues, including bimetallism, the gold standard, Free Silver, and the tariff, were crucial.
- c Included people from many Indian nations including Cheyenne, Arapahos, Piutes, and Sioux. Came into great conflict with settlers because settlers did not respect the Indian land.
- d War fought between the US and Spain in 1898 in Cuba and the Philippines. The US went into the war to help Cuba fight for independence. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. It can also be called the "Splendid Little War". The US received recognition from Europe and Spain began to fight in the side of the US.
- e a naval captain who was a leading advocate of sea power and Western Imperialism during the 1880's. In 1890 he published The Influence of Sea Power upon History which said that national greatness and prosperity came from maritime prosperity. He believed that the modern economic development called for a powerful navy and that it was America's "destiny" to control eh Caribbean and build a canal connecting the Pacific and the Caribbean. His ideas were widely popular and widely circulated
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to annex Hawaii in 1898.
- Theory that when hard times came, the unemployed could migrate west and be prosperous farmers.
Induced urban employers to maintain high wage rates. (Denver, Chicago, St.Louis)
- (TR) , The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal., Hay-Herran Treaty: Secretary of State John Hay pressured Colombian diplomat Tomas Herran to sign an agreement allowing U.S. to build a canal through Panama from which Columbia would receive big $ but was rejected by Colombian Senate. TR supported a rebellion in Panama (organized & financed by Philippe Bunau-Varilla) and recognized Panama as an independent nation.
- Superintendent announced that the frontier of the U.S was no longer discernable in 1840- all unsettled grants were now broken into by settlement
- The Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and other groups relied on buffalo or food, shelter, clothing, tools, and countless other necessities of everyday life. Were put at risk when White Settlers killed them off for railroads, leather, etc.
5 True/False Questions
Isolationism → a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity.
Collective Security → Law passed in 1862 that gave 160 acres of western land to those willing to settle in the west - along with the building of the transcontinental railroad a key factor in developing the frontier. One problem with the Homestead Act was that it was inadequate for farming in the rain-scarce Great Plains.
Platt Amendment → April 1896 - U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but the Teller Amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba.
Battle of Wounded Knee → The Wounded Knee Massacre, also known as The Battle at Wounded Knee Creek, was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, subsequently described as a "massacre" by General Nelson A. Miles in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Yellow Journalism → One of the causes of the Spanish-American War (1898) - this was when newspaper publishers like Hearst and Pulitzer sensationalized news events (like the sinking of the Maine) to anger American public towards Spain.