Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flowers of many plants. Helps prevent water loss.
A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating
the plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant body.
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved minerals from the roots of a plant to its leaves
vascular tissue responsible for the transport of nutrients and the carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis
plants that do not have true vascular tissue, true roots, stems, or leaves.
plants that have vascular tissue, true roots, stems, and leaves
plants that produce seeds for reproduction
include pine trees, seed plants that produce seeds that are not enclosed in fruits
flowering plants, seed plants that produce seeds within a protective fruit.
the first phase of a plant's life cycle, plant that produces spores
second phase of a plant's life, plants that produce egg ans sperm
alternation of generations
a life cycle that alternates between the gametophyte phase and sporophyte phase
the three phyla of nonvascular plants
unusual looking plants that grow in moist, shady areas
grow in moist, shaded areas
a cluster of sporangia-bearing modified leaves.
a underground stem system for ferns
the tightly coiled new rings of a fern
uncoiled, developed fern leaves
when a seed sprouts
the embryo begins to grow in a plant
trees that loose their leaves at the end of the growing season
the female part of the flower that encloses the egg
seed leaves in a plants embryo
angiosperms that have only one seed leaf
angiosperms that have two seed leaves
bundles of vascular tissue
veins that run parallel
veins that branch repeatedly off of other veins