Med Term 5

Created by mrshubbert 

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50 terms

thrombus

A blood clot that obstructs a vessel

arteriosclerosis

A disease characterized by an abnormal hardening of the arteries.

heart failure

A fatal condition in which the heart cannot pump adequate amounts of blood to tissue and organs.

bundle of HIS

After the electrical impulse of the heart passes through the AV node, it travels next to the

third-degree

AV heart block whereby no electrical impulses reach the ventricles

angina

Chest pain associated with coronary artery disease

IVC-inferior ventricular contractions

Abbreviation not matched correctly with its meaning

MVP

Condition in which leaflets of mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole

myocardium

Coronary arteries supply blood to the

Holter monitor test

ECG taken with a small portable recorder capable of storing information up to 24 hours.

varicose veins

Having incompetent valves in veins may result in

2

How many flaps are present in bicuspid valve

embolus

Refers to a mass of undissolved matter lodged in a blood vessel.

ischemia

Decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part.

phlebectony

Incision of a vein to withdraw blood.

aneurysm

Localized dilation of a blood vessel wall that introduces the risk of rupture.

SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers

Structures through which conduction impulses pass, in sequential order, causing the heart to contract.

thrombectomy

Removal of a clot.

right ventricle

The interventricular septum separated the left ventricle from the

lymphangioma

Medical term for a tumor composed of lymph vessels

right atrium

SA node is located in the

head and arms

The superior vena cava receives blood from the

pericardium

The term that refers to the fibrous sac that surrounds and encloses the entire heart

right atrium and right ventricle

The tricuspid valve is located between which two chambers of the heart?

phagocytes

Cells that engulf and digest cellular debris.

pulmonary artery

The blood vessel carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs.

right atrium

The chamber of the heart that first receives deoxygenated blood via two large veins.

aorta

The largest blood vessel in the body and also the main trunk of systemic circulation.

agglutination

The process of cells clumping together.

rheumatic heart disease

The streptococcal infection that causes damage to the heart valves and the heart muscles.

mononucleosis

Acute infection causes by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) characterized by a sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes.

thrombolytic therapy

Administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot(s)

bruit

Soft, blowing sound heard on auscultation; murmur

angioplasty

Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow.

ather/o

fatty plaque

scler/o

hardening; sclera (white of eye)

cardi/o

heart

immun/o

immune, immunity, safe

lymphaden/o

lymph gland (node)

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

myocardium

refers to the muscular layer of the heart.

systole

refers to the contraction phase of the heart.

malaise

means a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, which may be the first indication of an infection or disease.

angina pectoris

Severs pain and constriction about the heart caused by an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood.

MI (myocardial infarction)

Necrosis of an area of muscular heart tissue after cessation of blood supply.

agglutination

A process of cells clumping together.

anaphylaxis

An allergic reaction characterized by a rapid decrease in blood pressure.

capillaries (capillary)

The smallest vessels of the circulatory system.

hemangioma

A tumor composed of blood vessels.

arterioles

Small arteries.

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