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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Line Organization
  2. Privatization
  3. Merit System
  4. Enabling Legislation
  5. Government in the Sunshine Act
  1. a The replacement of government services with services provided by private firms.
  2. b A statute enacted by Congress that authorizes the creation of an administrative agency and specifies the name, composition, purpose, and powers of the agency being created.
  3. c In the federal government, an administrative unit that is directly accountable to the president.
  4. d A law that requires all committee-directed federal agencies to conduct their business regularly in public session.
  5. e The selection, retention, and promotion of government employees on the basis of competitive examinations.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A group of individuals or organizations— which may consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts—that supports a particular policy position on a given issue.
  2. Laws requiring that existing programs be reviewed regularly for their effectiveness and be terminated unless specifically extended as a result of these reviews.
  3. An agency of government that administers a quasi-business enterprise. These corporations are used when activities are primarily commercial.
  4. A model of bureaucracy developed by the German sociologist Max Weber, who viewed bureaucracies as rational, hierarchical organizations in which decisions are based on logical reasoning.
  5. The initial central personnel agency of the national government; created in 1883.

5 True/False questions

  1. Administrative AgencyA federal, state, or local government unit established to perform a specific function. Administrative agencies are created and authorized by legislative bodies to administer and enforce specific laws.


  2. Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act)The initial central personnel agency of the national government; created in 1883.


  3. Spoils SystemThe awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends.


  4. Independent Executive AgencyA federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president.


  5. Independent Regulatory AgencyAn agency outside the major executive departments charged with making and implementing rules and regulations.


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