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Kinn's chapter 51-52

hemolyzed

A__________specimen is one in which blood vessels have ruptured.

aliquot

A portion of well mixed sample that is removed for testing.

MSDS

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

waived

Under CLIA a simple lab test that is approved for use at home is categorized as ___________.

CLIA

The FDA ensures the quality of laboratory testing under what piece of legislation?

Quantitative

Has numeric results

Qualitative

Gives a yes or no response.

amorphous

Cause cloudy urine

cystoscopy

Visual examination of the urinary bladder using a fiber optic instrument.

gold standard

ultimate measure of excellence

bilirubinuria

Presence of bilirubin in the urine

myoglobinuria

abnormal presence of a hemoglobin like chemical in the urine.

random specimen

freshly voided urine collected in a clean container

first morning specimen

Urine specimen collected when a patient rises first in the morning.

second voided specimen

collected to determine glucose levels, first void of the morning is discarded and the second void of the day is collected

catheterized specimen

...a test in which a urine sample is taken by inserting a catheter (a thin rubber tube) through the urethra into the bladder.

suprapubic specimen

specimen collected via a catheter inserted directly into the bladder.

Clean catch specimen

used to collect a virtually uncontaminated urine specimen for culture and sensitivity; to confirm urinary tract infection

24 hour urine specimen

urine that is collected over a 24 hour period

12ml

Minimum volume of urine needed for routine UA

turbidity

The appearance of urine ranging from clear to cloudy

specific gravity

The measurement of the concentration, or amount of substances, dissolved in urine.

12-50cc

amount of urine need for urinalysis.

CCMS

clean catch midstream specimen

20 minutes

the number of bacteria in room temperature urine double every _______ _______.

glomerulus

Blood is filtered by the ____________.

nephron

The functional unit of the kidneys is the _________

glucosuria

The presence of glucose in the urine is called?

reagent strips

Should be stored in dark, cool, moisture free areas.

fecal matter

If you wipe improperly what can be included in your urine specimen?

pale straw to amber yellow

Normal colors of urine are?

crystals

What can be present because of antibiotic therapy?

TOC test of cure

This should be done one week after finished antibiotics to assure that the UTI has healed.

HCG

What is the pregnancy test hormone?

Ketones

What cannot be present in room temperature urine samples?

2 liters

How much urine does the average person produce in 24 hours?

hemoturia

blood in urine

30 minutes

How quickly should urine sample be refrigerated?

epithelial

Which cells can contaminate urine specimen, and can be seen in a normal specimen?

urine test

Which type of test is used for a drug test?

saliva test

Which type of test is used for an alcohol test?

Culture and Sensitivity

Which type of test is used to check for UTI?

Purple reagent strip

Means a UTI

vomitting

What will be a symptom of abnormal ketones or positive nitrites

E-coli

Most common form of bacterial UTI?

Protein in urine

can be an indicator for diabetes

anticoagulants

used to prevent blood clot formation

cytology

study of cells

diluent

a liquid used to dilute a specimen or reagent

exudates

Fluids with high concentration of protein and cellular debris that have escaped from the blood vessels and have been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces,

preservatives

Substances added to a specimen to prevent deterioration of cells or chemicals

referral laboratory

private or hospital based lab that performs wide variety of tests, many of them specialized; physicians often send specimens here

specimen

a sample, as of tissue, blood, or urine, used for analysis and diagnosis

centrifuge

rotate at very high speed in order to separate the liquids from the solids

carcinogen

a substance that causes cancer

urinalysis

(medicine) the chemical analysis of urine (for medical diagnosis)

hematology

study of blood

chemistry

analyzes blood, cerebrospinal fluid and synovial fluid

microbiology

study of bacteria, fungi yeasts, parasites and viruses.

autoclave

instrument for sterilization by means moist heat under pressure

incubator

instrument used to maintain a specific warm temperature to achieve specific results

urinometer

sealed glass float with a calibrated paper scale in its stem; spun in urine sample; value read at meniscus

chemical reagent strips

Are used to test the specific gravity

bile, hepatitis

orange yellow or greenish yellow urine can be an indicator of what two pathological causes?

pus, fats

white milky urine

blood/porphyrins

Red urine can be a result of what pathological cause?

dehydration

Amber colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?

diabetes

Straw colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?

Melanin / methaglobin

reddish brown colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?

clinitest

test performed to check for glucose in urine; most accurate reagent strip testing method with urine for diabetes

acetest

used to detect the presence of ketones

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