Chapter 16 economics vocabulary terms18 terms
trust A consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production … monopoly A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller. business cycle Recurring fluctuations in economic activity consisting of recession and recovery and growth and decl… monetary policy Policy that involves changing the rate of growth of the money supply in circulation in order to affe… fiscal policy A government policy for dealing with the budget (especially with taxation and borrowing). Gross Domestic Product The dollar amount of all final goods and services produced within a country's borders in a year. Deficit The property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required.
Chapter 15 civics vocabulary6 terms
currency the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used. Demand Deposit a bank deposit from which withdrawals can be made without notice. Loan the temporary provision of money (usually at interest). Inflation a general and progressive increase in prices. Recession the state of the economy declines. Central bank a government monetary authority that issues currency and regulates the supply of credit and holds th…
Chapter 14 civics vocabulary21 terms
rent a regular payment by a tenant to a landlord for use of some property. interest a fixed charge for borrowing money. demand the ability and desire to purchase goods and services. supply the amount of goods available. market price the price at which buyers and sellers trade the item in an open marketplace. sole proprietorship business owned by one person. Entrepreneur a person who starts up and takes on the risk of a business.
Psychology chapter 17 terms27 terms
psychotherapy The treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means. biomedical therapy The use of certain medications to treat or reduce the symptoms of a mental disorder. eclectic approach Depending on the client's problems, it uses techniques from various forms of therapy. psychoanalysis Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and confli… resistance An unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness. interpretation In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant … transference The process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another.
Psychology chapter 16 terms20 terms
psychological disorder A psychological disorder of thought or emotion. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: ext… medical model The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, c… DSM-IV A widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. anxiety disorders A variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom panic disorder An anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks. generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomi…
English vocab7 terms
nebulous (abj) lacking definite form of limits cumbersome (adj) difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight. feral wild and menacing enunciate express or state clearly besiege surrounded so as to force to give up. rogue a dishonest or unprincipled man; person whose behavior one disapproves of but who is nonetheless lik… pestilent (adj) destructive to life, deadly
Civics vocabulary part 215 terms
goods tangible products that we use to satisfy our wants and needs. services Activities that are consumed at the same time they are produced. shortage the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required. land natural resources that are used to make goods and services. labor any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted to produce goods or services. physical capital All human-made goods that are used to produce other goods and services; tools and buildings. human capital the skills and knowledge gained by a worker through education and experience.
Psychology terms 477 terms
Affective Disorders psychological disturbances of mood Agoraphobia an intense fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place). Anxiety Disorder a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom. Drapetomania intense desire to run away from home. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) an imaging technique used to study brain structure and activity. Psychopathology the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior. Schizophrenia disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusions.
Week one vocab last semester7 terms
garble reproduce ( a message, sound, or transmission ) in a confused and distorted way. indoctrinate teach doctrines to; teach uncritically gesticulate show, express or direct through movement wispy thin and weak edify instruct or improve caustic sarcastic in a scathing and bitter nefarious wicked or criminal
Chapter 14 psychology terms15 terms
behavioral medicine Is the integrating behavioral and medical knowledge. health psychology A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine. stress A state of mental or emotional strain or suspense. general adaptation syndrome Seyle's concept that the body responds to stress with alarm, resistance and exhaustion. coronary heart disease Is the closing of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle. Type A Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and ange… Type B Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people.
Chapter 12 psychology key terms25 terms
motivation a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. instinct a complex behavior must have a fixed pattern throughout a species and be unlearned. drive-reduction theory the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to sa… homeostasis the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant. incentive a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior. hierarchy of needs Maslow's theory of the most important motivations people have. glucose The body's blood sugar.
Vocabulary Week 6 semester 27 terms
timorous (adj) showing or suffering from nervousness, fear, or a lack of confidence. irksome ( adj) irritating; annoying visage (n) a persons face, with reference to the form or proportions of the features. sinecure ( n) a position requiring little or no work but giving the holder status or financial benefit. corpus (n) a collection of written texts, esp. the entire works of a particular author or a body of writing… analogous ( adj) comparable in certain respects, typically in a way that makes clearer the nature of the thing… remonstrance ( n) a forcefully reproached protest.
Vocabulary week 5 semester 27 terms
goad ( v) provoke or annoy someone so as to stimulate some action or reaction. dubious (adj) hesitating or doubting; of questionable value. extol (v) praise enthusiastically dissolute (adj) lax in morals; licentious transcendent (adj) beyond or above the range of normal or merely physical human experience; of god existing apart… emissary (n) a person sent on a special mission, usually as a diplomatic representative. brigand (n) a member of gang that ambushes and robs people in forests and mountains.
English semester 2 week 47 terms
cavil (v) make petty or unnecessary objections. auspicious (adj) conductive to success; favorable. recourse (n) source of help in a difficult situation. bellicose (adj) demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight. resplendent (adj) attractive and impressive through being richly colorful or sumptuous. laconic (adj) using very few words. felicity (n) intense happiness.
Psychology Chapter 11 Key Terms23 terms
intelligence Is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. factor analysis Allows researchers to identify clusters of test items that measure a common ability. general intelligence Or g, factor that underlies the various clusters. savant syndrome A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill. emotional intelligence The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions. creativity The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas. intelligence test A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, usi…
Psychology Chapter 9 Key Terms38 terms
memory Is any indication that learning has persisted over time. flashbulb memory A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. encoding The processing of information into the memory system. storgage Retention of information (any information revived) . retrival Accessing information once it has been encoded. sensory memory A decaying memory. short-term memory Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten.
Psychology chapter 8 key terms39 terms
learning A relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to experience. associative learning Learning that certain events occur together. classical conditioning Pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex. behaviorism Emphasizes observable measurable behavior. unconditioned response Is the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus, such as salivation whe… unconditioned stimulus A stimulus that elicits an unlearned, automatic response. conditioned response An acquired response that is under the control of a stimulus.
English vocabulary week 3 semester 27 terms
ubiquitous (adj)- present, appearing, or found everywhere proprietary (adj)- of or relating to an owner or ownership imperious (adj)- assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering. garrulous (adj)- excessively talkative, esp. on trivial matters. conducive (adj)- making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible. deposition (n)- the action of deposing someone, esp. a monarch; the written record of a witness's out of court … mien (n)- a person's look or manner, esp. one of a particular kind indicating their character or mood.
English vocabulary week 2 semester 2 Griffith7 terms
veracity (n) conformity to facts; accuracy feign (v) pretend to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury) epigram (n) a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way. discursive (adj) digressing from subject to subject venerable (adj) accorded a great deal of respect, esp, because of age, wisdom, or character. nonplussed (adj) surprised and confused so much that they are unsure how to react. nascent (adj) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Chapter 15 vocabulary40 terms
personality An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. free association A method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, n… psychoanalysis A set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorde… unconscious The part of the mind wherein psychic activity takes place of which the person is unaware. id The primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity. ego The conscious mind. superego That part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience.
Mrs. Griffith week 1 vocabulary semester 27 terms
disconsolate (adj) without consolation or comfort; unhappy approbation (n) approval or praise collusion (n) secret or illegal coorperation, esp, in order to cheat or deceive others. Wry (adj) using or expressing dry, esp, mocking humor. Jocular (adj) fond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful mutability (adj) liable to change Ethereal (adj) extremely delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world.
Phsycology chapter 7 terms38 terms
consciousness our awareness of ourselves and our environment. biological rhythms periodic physiological fluctuations. circadian the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle. REM sleep a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs. alpha waves the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state. sleep a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended. hallucinations false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus.
Week 6 second quarter vocab7 terms
connotation the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase in addition t… supercilious behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others. despotic a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppre… impalpable unable to be touched culpable deserving blame redolent strongly reminiscent or suggestive or something brevity concise and exact use of words in writing or speech.
English vocab week 3_27 terms
inversion (noun) the reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase. soliloquy (noun) a long speech, usually made by a character who is alone, and thus reveals private thoughts an… propitious (adj) giving or indicating a good chance of success; favorable indefatigable (adj)(of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly. ostensible (adj) stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so salubrious (adj) health-giving; healthy credulous (adj) having or showing too great a readiness to believe things.
Chapter 18 vocab terms38 terms
social Psychology the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups an… attribution theory The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting either the situation or the person's disp… fundamental attribution error the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the si… attitude a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain … foot-in-the-door phenomenon the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger reque… cognitive dissonance theory the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent. conformity acting according to certain accepted standards.