Chapter 1018 terms
Arterialized Increase arterial composition of capillary blood by warming the site to increase blood flow. Blood Film/Smear A drop of blood spread thinly on a microscope slide. Calcaneus Medical term for heel bone. CBG's Capillary blood gases; blood gas determinations performed on arterialized capillary specimens. Cyanotic Marked by cyanosis or bluish in color from lack of oxygen. Differential (diff) A test in which the number, type, $ charactristics of blood cells are determined by examining a stai… Feather Thinnest area of a properly made blood smear where a differential is performed.
Chapter 1212 terms
Abducted Away from the body; the position of the patient's arm for arterial blood gas collections. ABG's Arterial Blood Gases Allen Test A simple, noninvasive test to assess collateral circulation before collecting a blood specimen from … Arteriospasm A reflex (involuntary) contraction of the artery that can be caused by pain or irritation during nee… Brachial Artery Artery located in the medial anterior aspect of the anticubital fossa near the insertion of the bice… Collateral Circulation An area supplied with blood from more than one artery so that circulation can be maintained if one v… Femoral Artery Large artery located superficially in the groin, lateral to the pubis bone, which is the largest art…
Chapter 1136 terms
ACT Activated Clotting Time Aerobic With Air Agglutination Clump together. Anaerobic Without Air ARD Antimicrobial Removal Device. Autologous Donation Donating blood for self use. Bacteremia Bacteria in the blood.
Chapter 931 terms
A-Line An arterial line (or art-line) is a catheter that is placed in an artery. AV-Shunt/Fistula/Graft Permanent, surgical fusion of an artery and a vein. It is typically created to provide access for di… Basal State Refers to the resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after fasting for a minimum o… Bilirubin A product of the breakdown of red blood cells. CVAD Central Vascular Access Device. CVD Central Venous Catheter. Diurnal/Circadian Happening daily/biological rhythms or variations having a 24-hour cycle.
Chemistry Tests5 terms
Al Aluminum - Royal Blue, Red Label Cr Level Chromium - Royal Blue, Red Label Cu Level Copper - Royal Blue, Red Label Pb Lead - Royal Blue, Lavender Label (EDTA) ZNRBC Zinc (RBC) - Royal Blue, Lavender Label
Coagulation Tests10 terms
AT-lll Antithrombin lll activity D-D 1 D-dimer DIC panel Disseminated intravascular coagulation panel Factor Assays To detect factor deficiency Fibrinogen To investigate suspected bleeding disorders. FSP/FDP Fibrin split products/fibrin degradation product. PTT/APTT Partial thromboplastin time (Activated PTT)
Hematology Tests16 terms
CBC Complete Blood Count Diff Differential EOS Eosinophil ESR Erthrocyte Sedimentation Rate Hct Hematocrit Hgb Hemoglobin MCV, MCH, MCHC Indicates mean cell hemoglobin (MCH), hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and volume (MCV)
Stopper Colors, Additives, and Departments19 terms
Light Blue Sodium Citrate, Coagulation Red (Glass) None, Chemistry, Blood Bank, Serology/Immunology Red (Plastic) Clot activator, Chemistry Red/Light Gray (Plastic) Nonadditive, NA (Discard tube only) Red/Black (Tiger), Gold, Red/Gold Clot activator and gel separator, Chemistry Green/Gray and Light Green Lithium Heparin and gel separator, Chemistry Green Lithium Heparin and Sodium Heparin, Chemistry
Phlebotomy Essentials24 terms
Accession To record in the ordered received. Anchor To secure firmly, as in holding a vein in place by pulling the skin taut with the thumb. Arm/Wrist Band Two other names for identification band/bracelet. ASAP As soon as possible. Bar Code A series of black stripes and white spaces of varying widths that correspond to letters and numbers. Bedside Manner The behavior of a healthcare provider toward or as perceived by a patient. Concentric circles Circles with a common center; starting from the center and moving outward to ever-widening circles.
Phlebotomy Essentials65 terms
ACD Acid Citrate Dextrose - Additive used for Immunohematology tests ie. DNA and Human Leukocyte Antigen… Additive A substance (other than tube stopper or coating) such as antigoagulant, anti glycolytic agent, seper… Anticoagulant A substance that prevents blood from clotting, sample is whole blood/plasma. Antiglycolytic Agent A substance that prevents glycolysis, the breakdown or metabolism of glucose (blood sugar) by the bl… Antiseptics Substance used for skin cleaning that inhibits the growth of bacteria. Bevel The point of a needle that is cut on a slant for ease of skin entry. Butterfly Needle AKA Winged Infusion Set.
Laboratory Tests117 terms
AFB - Acid-fast bacillus culture (blood) Microbiology - Green Top/Isolator Tube/Gel-Barrier Tube Acid p'tase - Acid phosphatase Chemistry ALT (SGPT) - Alanine transferase Chemistry ETOH - Alcohol Chemistry - Gray Preferred Aldosterone Chemistry ALP - Alkaline phosphatase Chemistry ADP - Alpha-fetoprotein Chemistry
Phlebotomy Essentials34 terms
BBP Bloodbourne Pathogen Biohazard Short for biological hazard. CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: A division of the US Public Health Services, charged wit… Chain of Infection A number of components or events that when present in a series, lead to an infection. Engineering Controls Devices such as sharps disposal containers and needles with safety features that isolate or remove a… EPA Enviornmental Protection Agency Fire Tetraphedron The latest way of looking at the chemistry of fire, in which the chemical reation that produces fire…
Phlebotomy Essentials33 terms
Assault An act or threat causing another to be in fear of immediate battery. Battery Intentional harmful or offensive touching or use of force on a person without consent or legal justi… Breach of Confidentiality Failure to keep privaleged medical information private. Civil Actions Legal actions in which the alleged injured party sues for monetary damages. CLSI Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (Formally NCCLS) CMS Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Competencies Educational standards for phlebotomy programs.
The Circulatory System53 terms
Heart Major structure, the "pump" that circulates blood throughout the body, located in center of thoralic… Chambers 2 upper and 2 lower. Atria Upper chambers of the heart, that receive blood, one on each side. Ventricles Lower chambers of the heart, pumping/delivering of blood, one on each side. Atrioventricular Valves At entrance to the ventricles. Semilunar Valves Exit the ventricles. Right Atrium Upper right, receives deoxygenated blood from the body and pumps it into the right ventricle.
Phlebotomy Essentials49 terms
AHCCCS Arizona Health Cost Containment System APC Ambulatory Patient Classification Certification Proof that someone has mastered fundamental competencies in a particular technical area. Continuum of Care A holistic, coordinated system for healthcare services. Communication Barriers Biases or personality filters that are major obstructions to verbal communication. CPT Current Procedural Terminology Codes DRG's Diagnosis-Related Groups
Phlebotomy Essentials24 terms
Arrhythmia An irregular heartbeat either in time or force Atria Chamber in the heart that receives blood from the veins & forces it into a ventrical. (one left/one … Basilic Vein Lg. vein on the inner side of the antecubicle area that is the LAST choice vein for venipunture. Blood Pressure A measure of the force (pressure) exerted by the blood flow on the walls of blood vessels. Cardiac Cycle One complete contraction and subsequent relaxation of the heart. Cephalic Vein SECOND choice antecubicle vein for venipuncture located in the lateral aspect of the antecubical fossa Coagulation The blood-clotting process.
Phlebotomy Essentials40 terms
Acidosis Abnormal condition of reduced alkalinity of the blood and tissues Alkalosis Abnormal condition of increased alkalinity of the blood and tissues Alveoli Tiny air sacs in lungs that allow for exchange of gases Anabolism Building of complex structures from simple compounds Anatomic Position Standing erect, arms at sides, palms and eyes facing forward - Used by medical personel when referri… Anatomy Structural composition Anterior To the front of the body Also- Ventral cavity