This class has 16 sets
Sets for anyone who attends the Utica Center for Math, Science, and Technology.
Histidine The AA that is made by the GI tract, and is one of the essential amino acids even though you don't e… Half Proteins constitute what proportion of the dry body mass? Cysteine and Methionine _______ and_______ are the two AA that contain sulfur. 20 The number of AA used in all living things. Phenylalanine and Aspartic Acid _____ and_____ are the two AA that combine to make the artificial sweetner, Nutra Sweet. Perms The common process your mother or grandmother may use, changes the disulfide bridges in proteins. Residue In the general structure for an AA, the R-group is called ______.
Toxicology II Intro11 terms
FDA list of all food additives The GRAS list is _______. Generally Recognized As Safe GRAS stands for _______. 60,000-70,000 How many chemicals are in common use today? The amount of a chemical that gets into the organism. Dose Occurs when chemicals come in contact with a route of exposure. Exposure A single/limited exposure, from a few minutes to a few hours. Acute Exposure Prolonged/repeated exposure, often over years. Chronic Exposure
Toxicology I Test29 terms
Axon Hillock The _______ is the part of a neuron that "decides" whether an incoming message is strong enough to b… 5730 The half-life of Carbon-14 is _______ years. Carbon Monoxide Space heaters are often the cause of excess of the gas _______ in people's homes. 260 nm Which wavelength of electromagnetic energy does DNA absorb most strongly? Thymine Which bases can combine covalently to form a dimer in your DNA? DNA Photolase _______ is the enzyme that repairs dimers in your system. Acute A sudden adverse reaction immediately after exposure to a toxin.
P.A. Review41 terms
Synapses What are the spaces between neurons called? Xenobiotic The term _______ means "foreign to life." Acute A person eats a peanut and immediately begins gasping for air. What is the toxicologic term used to … Dendrites and cell body Neurons receive messages at which of the four main parts of the neuron? Glycerol _______ is the name of the 3 Carbon molecule used as the base for a phospholipid. Enzyme Any molecule that ends in -ase is an _______. Risk assessment Judging the benefit to danger ratio is formally known as _______.
Old and New Toxicology12 terms
Bonaventura Orfila Father of Toxicology Paris Police Dept. Who did Bonaventura Orfila work for? Used animals to test to identify toxins in humans. What did Orfila do that was unheard of for the time? Food and Drug Administration FDA Judging miscellaneous home "cures" for safety FDA's biggest job then Judging drugs' short and long-term safety FDA's biggest job now Birth defects Thalidomide caused
Envrionmental Movement7 terms
Silent Spring The book that started it all Rachel Carson Author of Silent Spring DDT Pesticide that was banned because of Carson Environmental Protection Agency E.P.A. 1962 The year Silent Spring was published Birds of prey, esp. bald eagles DDT was most concentrated in The egg shells became so soft that they would crack when the mother sa… What adverse effects did DDT have in bald eagles?
A fungus growing on the rye Ergotism is caused by Convulsive and gangrenous Two types of ergotism Capiliaries contract, blood can't reach the body part Gangrene Dry gangrene of the extremeties Gangrenous Mimics LSD effects Convulsive Lysurgic Acid Diethylamide LSD Ignis Sacer, the Holy Fire Middle Age name for gangrenous ergotism
Any atom that undergoes radioactive decay. Radionuclide Parts of the nucleus shoot off at high speeds Radioactive Decay Helium nucleus -- 4 He 2 Alpha Particles Electrons -- 0 e -1, formed when neutron breaks into proton and electron Beta Particles Energy -- 0 γ 0 Gamma Radiation Alpha Particle Heavier, more powerful decaying particle Beta Particle Lighter decaying particle, can reach internal organs
Toxicology Intro8 terms
Parcelsus "Everything is a poison... it is only the dose that makes it not a poison." Theophrastus Phillipus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim Parcelus' Actual Name Poison Toxicology is the study of...? Risk assessment What do toxicological studies look at? Benefit: Danger ratio Risk Assessment Long-term, acute Two types of adverse effects Sudden onset after exposure Acute adverse effects
Nervous System51 terms
Sensory Neurons What transmits incoming messages to the brain? Motor Neurons What transmits outgoing messages to glands or muscles? (Sensory) Receptors What starts the nervous system messages? Central Nervous System What does CNS stand for? Peripheral Nervous System What does PNS stand for? The brain and spinal cord What makes up the CNS? All nerves What makes up the PNS?
50 nm Width of the synaptic cleft Receive messages Dendrites Cell body Perikaryon Wrap around the axon to form the myelin sheath Schwann Cells Spaces between Schwann cells Nodes of Ranvier Center, holds DNA Nucleus Decides whether to send a message or not Axon Hillock
Smooth Muscles Involuntary, subconscious muscles Skeletal Muscles Voluntary, conscious muscles Cardiac Muscles Heart How does physostigmine work? Inhibits AChE Physostigmines used to treat: Glaucoma and myasthenia gravis Glaucoma Excess fluid pressure in eyeball Myasthenia Gravis Slow degeneration of muscles -- kills glycoproteins
Stimulates most muscles, inhibits the heart Acetylcholine Feel elated Dopamine Feel peaceful, used to treat depression Serotonin Sets circadian rhythms, released by pineal gland in dark Melatonin Daily cycles Circadian Rhythms Inflammation/dilation of blood vessels, causes allergies Histamine Block histamine landing site, anti-allergenics Antihistamines
Eye Parts10 terms
A hole in the eye that light passes through Pupil The fluid behind the cornea Aqueous Humor The covering over the pupil Cornea Stretch the lens to adjust focal distance Suspensory Ligaments A muscle that controls the width of the pupil to adjust for brightness Iris A thick, gel-like, liquid in the eye behind the cornea Vitreous Humor Has neurons that perceive images Retina
Functional Groups14 terms
Alkane C-C Alkene C=C Alkyne C=-C Halogen -X Alcohol -OH Ether C-O-C Amine -NH2
Naming Biomes7 terms
Tropical Forests Pronounced Vertical Stratification Savanna Grasses and Scattered Trees Chaparral Midlatitude coastal area; dense, spiny, evergreen shrubs Temperate Grassland Seasonal Drought, Occasional Fires Temperate Deciduous Forest Midlatitudes, Rain to support large trees Coniferous Forest Cone-bearing Trees Dominate Tundra Permafrost, Low Temp., High Wind