||at first, students were expected to memorize facts from their textbooks and recite the information to classmates. during the progressive era, dewey & parker introduced social studies as interactive and child-based learning with hands-on experiences. this brought on the thought that social studies should incorporate interests of the students. bruner and the new social studies came along to see how to better improve social studies in the classrooms. it was decided that social studies should include different principles of social sciences (anthropology, economics, sociology), students "doing" social studies, and students solving problems and completing "real-life" tasks.