NAME: ________________________

Combo with "Fluid, Electrolytes & Acid Base" and 1 other Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. manifestations of hypercalcemia
  2. Troussea's sign
  3. singultus (hiccup)
  4. Gastrointestinal status
  5. Major anions
  1. a 3 to 4 days for bowel activity to return
    assess bowel sounds in all four quadrants for 1 minute
    normal peristalsis is indicated by by hearing 5 to 30 gurgles per minute
  2. b Cardiovascular changes most serious- mild increases rate and BP, severe slows, blood clots, severe muscle weakness, pathogenic fractures
  3. c blood pressure cuff around upper arm; inflate 1-4 minutes; hand and fingers go into palmar flexion
  4. d involuntary contraction of the diaphragm followed by rapid closure of the glottis
    irritation of the phrenic nerve
    causes could be abdominal distention or internal bleeding
    brown paper bag
  5. e HCO-3. CL-,

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. local anesthetic is injected via an IV line into an extremity below the level of a tourniquet after blood has been withdrawn
  2. palpate pedal pulses ans note skin color and temperature. assess for edema, aching, cramping in the calf (Homans' sign) or leg, the patient will complain of calf pain or dorsiflexion of the foot and thrombous should be suspected. have patient remain in bed until the physician can perform an evaluation. teach the patient not to cross legs when in bed and encourage sitting up as another means of preventing venous stasis
  3. <3.5 mEq/L mantains ICF balance
  4. fluid loss during surgery- through blood loss increased insensible fluid loss through the lungs and skin.
    for at least the first 244 to 48 hours after surgery, the body retains fluids as part of the stress response to trauma and the effect of anesthesia
  5. Low sodium determined by blood chemistry <135 MOST Common electrolyte imbalance

5 True/False Questions

  1. hypermagnesemiaExtracellular fluid volume excess (circulatory overload); retention of sodium and water in intravascular and interstitial spaces


  2. conscious sedationthe administration of drugs to depress the CNS provides analgesia
    primary uses (burn dressing changes, cosmetic surgery, and pulmonary biopsy and bronchoscopy)
    advantages (level of consciousness is there)
    pt have to be monitor


  3. loss of grastric secretions can result inbody temperature, hypothermia, related to:
    lowered metabolism


  4. Because coughing increasesintracranial pressure, it is usually contraindicated in cranial, spinal and cataract surgery


  5. Dcortisone or steroid use


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