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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. hierarchy of needs
  2. farsightedness
  3. conformity
  4. genome
  5. continuous reinforcement
  1. a Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
  2. b Reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
  3. c A condition in which faraway objects are seen more clearly than near objects because the image of near objects is focused behind the retina
  4. d Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
  5. e the complete instructions for making an organism, containing all the genetic material in its chromosomes

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. experimental results caused by expectations alone
  2. The view that psychology (a) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes - most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)
  3. An interdiciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
  4. Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively unifluenced by experience
  5. Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others

5 True/False Questions

  1. mutationa random error in gene replication that leads to a change in the sequence of nucleotides; the source of all genetic diversity


  2. aptitude testThe point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located there


  3. personal spacethe buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies


  4. ingroup biasThe tendency to favor one's own group


  5. fluid intelligenceOne's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends ot decrease during late adulthood


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