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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. metabolic acidosis
  2. hypervolemia
  3. epidural anesthesia
  5. Causes of hyponatremia
  1. a Extracellular fluid volume excess (circulatory overload); retention of sodium and water in intravascular and interstitial spaces
  2. b characterized by a decrease in HCO3 level in serum leading to an increase in H+ and a decrease in PH
  3. c this is a safer procedure than spinal anesthesia because the anesthetic agent is injected into the epidural space outside the dura mater and the depth of anesthesia is lighter.
    this type of anesthesia blocks sensation in the vaginal and perineal areas and thus is often used for obstetric procedures
  4. d Fluid gain (over hydration), decreased renal excretion, edema, GI loss, massive burns, trauma
  5. e social
    Education and Experience
    life experiences
    educational level

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. neuromuscular changes such as paresthesia, twitching, cramps; test for Trousseau's and Chvostek's sign; osteoporosis; tetany, seizures, Torsa desde Pointes
  2. Gain in sodium in excess of water; or a loss in water in excess of sodium
  3. Primarily neurological-restlessness and weakness in moderate; disorientation, delusions and hallucinations in severe; increased BP, edema
  4. related to:
    wound drainage
    inadequate fluid intake
  5. Low sodium determined by blood chemistry <135 MOST Common electrolyte imbalance

5 True/False questions

  1. respiratory preparationlaboratory tests
    complete blood count
    blood chemistry profile
    endocrine, renal, hepatic and cardiovascular function
    Diagnostic imaging
    chest x-ray


  2. discharge providing general informationintracranial pressure, it is usually contraindicated in cranial, spinal and cataract surgery


  3. nutrition, imbalance: more than the body requirements,history (any prior surgery, allergies, current medications, use of other drugs or alcohol, and smoking status)

    physical condition
    risk factors
    emotional status of the patient and family members
    peroperative diagnostic data


  4. CK+


  5. A routine type of sedation that might be used for a surgical procedure that does not require complete anesthesia but rather a depressed level of consciousness is called:higher mortality and morbidity rates than younger adults


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