European History AP - ch 22 Industrial Revolution28 terms
Sir Richard Arkwright Invented water frame at almost the same time as the spinning jenny was invented. Jeremy Bentham Believed that public problems should be dealt with on a rational scientific basis. Believed in the i… Edmund Cartwright Inventor of the modern power loom. Chartism Agitation against poor laws - working class discontent. Combination Acts 1799 and 1800; made trade unionism illegal. The Communist Manifesto Pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels; basis of Socialism. Corn Laws 1815 tariff on imported grain to protect domestic producers. Never worked well.
European History AP - ch 21 Revolutions50 terms
Jean le Rond D'Alembert Coeditor of the Encyclopedie. Assignats Paper currenty, the French churcehs were used as collateral - the first Grench paper currency issued… Bastille Medieval fortress that was converted to a prison stormed by peasancts for ammunition during the earl… Bourgeoisie Comfortable members of the 3rd estate. Basically middle class, wanted the privileges of the nobility… Revolutionary Calendar Created by the National Convention, it was established after the French Revolution; day one was the … Committee of Public Safety Established and led by Robespierre, fixed bread prices and nationalized some businesses. Basically s… Conspiracy of Equals Led by "Gracchus" Babeuf, an attempt to renew violent rebellion after the Thermidore reaction, commu…
European History AP - ch 19 Agricultural Revolution9 terms
Capitalism Economic theory of maintaining balance of exports and imports. The opposite of socialism and communi… Cosmopolitanism Urban growth during the agricultural revolution. It dealt with the migration from rural to urban are… General Will Betterment of the community. Founded by Rousseau, he felt that htis determines a countryps course in… William Hogarth English painter. Marriage a la Mode. Natural History Written by Buffon, discussed scientific matters. Physiocrats Opponenets of mercantilism and Colbertism in particular. Led by Francois Quesnay. Felt the need for … Adam Smith Scottish professor of philosophy. Developed the idea of free enterprise, critical of mercantilism. W…
European History AP - ch 18 Scientific Revolution34 terms
Aristotelian World View Motionless earh was fixed at the center of the universe, God was beyond. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) English politician, writer. Formalized the empirical method. "Novum Organum". Inductive … Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) Established himself as Europe's foremost astronomer of his day; detailed observations of… Robert Boyle (1627-1691) Physicist, nothing can be known beyond all doubt. Andrew Celsius Invented measurement of temperature - Celsius. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Plish clergyman. Sun was the center of the universe; the planets went around it. "On the… Heliocentric Theory Sun is the center of the universe. Copernican.
European History AP - ch 17 Eastern Absolutism9 terms
War of Austrian Succession Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Ch… Junkers Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and … Pragmatic Sanction Issued by Charles VI of Austria in 1713 to assure his daughter Maria Theresa gained the throne. Romanovs Russian dynasty, started with Michael Romanov after the Time of Troubles and lasted until 1917. Frederick William the Great Elector Man who made modern Prussia. Boyars Land owning aristocracy in early Russia. Dvorianie Established by Peter the Great, they received land and control of the peasants.
European History AP - ch 16 Absolutism26 terms
Absolutism When sovereignty is embodied in the person of the ruler. Sovereignty Possessing a monopoly over the instruments of justice. Totalitarianism Twentieth century phenomenon that seeks to direct all facets of a state's culture in the interest of… Cardinal Richelieu Became President of the Council of Ministers and the first minister of the French crown. Louis XIII Influenced by Richelieu to exult the French monarchy as the embodiment of the French state. Fronde (1648-1653) Brutal civil wars that struck France during the reign of Louis XIII Jules Mazarin Became a cardinal in 1641, succeeded Richelieu and dominated the power in French government.
European History AP - ch 15 Exploration15 terms
John Cabot Italian born navigator explored the coast of New England, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. Gave Englan… Pedro Cabral Claimed Brazil for Portugal Entrepot Big commercial center for importing and exporting commodities. Conquistadores Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. Bartholomew Diaz (1487-1488) Portuguese, first European to reach the southern tip of Africa. Sir Francis Drake English sea captain, robbed Spanish treasure ships: 'singed the king beard'; involved in the armada. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Monarchs who united Spain; responsible for the reconquista.
European History AP - ch 14 Reformation30 terms
Act of Supremacy Declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England. Anglicanism Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as defined by Elizabeth I. John Calvin Theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts of Europeans. Developed Calvinism at G… Consubstantiation The bread and wine undergo a spiritual change. Council of Trent Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Luthera… Thomas Cranmer Prepared the First Book of Common Prayer. Diet of Worms Assembly of the estates of the empire, called by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
European History AP - ch 13 Renaissance35 terms
Alexander VI (1492-1503) Corrupt Spanish pope. He was aided militarily and politically by his son Cesare Borgia, … Dante Alighieri Italian poet wrote "Inferno" and "Divine Comedy" Petrarch (1304-1374) Father of the Renaissance. He believed the first two centuries of the Roman Empire to re… Boccaccio Wrote the "Decameron" which tells about ambitious merchants, protrays a sensual and worldly society. Castiglione Wrote "The Courtier" which was about education and manners and had a great influence. It said that a… Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) Artist who made religious paintings and sculptures like The Last Supper and Mona Lisa. Giotto (1276-1337) Florentine painter who led the way in the use of realism.