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5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Anti-mullerian Hormone
- Parathyroid Hormone
- a In male embryos, turns off the development of a uterus and other female structures.
- b an innate brain and spinal cord endorphin that blocks pain signals (opioid)
- c The chief estrogen, females produce more than males, develops and maintains female secondary sex characteristics, important roles in menstruation and pregnancy
- d Increases blood levels of calcium (stimulates breakdown of bone and rate at which calcium is removed from urine and absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract)
- e a weak androgen; a precursor for other androgens and also some estrogens
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- affects size of an individual by promoting cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth
- Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.
- secreted by gastrointestinal tract; enhance glucose-stimulated release of insulin; inhibit glucagon
- chiefly prevents formation of the platelet plug in hemostasis (part of blood clotting); it does this by inhibiting platelet activation; antagonist to thromboxanes
- "salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+ by the kidneys. Na+ retention promotes water retention, which promotes a higher blood volume and pressure
5 True/False Questions
Follicle Stimulating Hormone → causes melanocytes to releases melanin (creates a tan)
Orexin → plays a critical role in preventing abnormal consciousness transitions, particularly into REM sleep; may stimulate hunger
Calcitonin → Produced by the thyroid gland and decreases the blood calcium levels by stimulating calcium deposit in the bones (__________ keeps the bone in). The antagonist of the parathyroid hormone.
Antidiuretic Hormone → Increases blood levels of calcium (stimulates breakdown of bone and rate at which calcium is removed from urine and absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract)
Inhibin → antagonist to activin: inhibits FSH synthesis and inhibits FSH secretion